To think in terms of "alternative modernities" is to admit that modernity is inescapable and to desist from speculations about modernity's end. Modernity today is global and multiple and no longer has a Western "governing center" to accompany it. The essays in this collection, therefore, approach the dilemmas of modernity from transnational and transcultural perspectives.The idea of "alternative modernities" holds that modernity always unfolds within specific cultures or civilizations and that different starting points of the transition to modernity lead to different outcomes. Without abandoning the Western discourse on the subject, the contributors to this volume write from the standpoint that modernity is in truth a richly mulitiplicitous concept. Believing that the language and lessons of Western modernity must be submitted to comparative study of its global receptions, they focus on such sites as China, Russia, India, Trinidad, and Mexico. Other essays treat more theoretical aspects of modernity, such as its self-understanding and the potential reconcilability of cosmopolitanism and diversity.
Contributors. Homi Bhabha, William Cunningham Bissell, Dipesh Chakrabarty, Dilip Parameshwar Gaonkar, Michael Hanchard, Beatriz Jaguaribe, Leo Ou-fan Lee, Claudio Lomnitz, Thomas McCarthy, Tejaswini Niranjana, Elizabeth A. Povinelli, Shahzia Sikander, Charles Taylor, Andrew Wachtel
Dilip Parameshwar Gaonkar teaches Rhetoric and Cultural Studies at Northwestern University and is Co-director of the Center for Transcultural Studies.
On Alternative Modernities / Dilip Parameshwar Gaonkar 1 Settler Modernity and the Quest for an Indigenous Tradition / Elizabeth A. Povinelli 24 Translation, Imperialism, and National Self-Definition in Russia / Andrew Wachtel 58 Shanghai Modern: Reflections on Urban Culture in China in the 1930s / Leo Ou-fan Lee 86 Adda, Calcutta: Dwelling in Modernity / Dipesh Chakrabarty 123 Miniaturizing Modernity: Shahzia Sikander in Conversation with Homi K. Bhabha / edited by Robert McCarthy 165 Two Theories of Modernity / Charles Taylor 172 On Reconciling Cosmopolitan Unity and National Diversity / Thomas McCarthy 197 Camera Zanzibar / William Cunningham Bissell 237 "Left to the Imagination": Indian Nationalisms and Female Sexuality in Trinidad / Tejaswini Niranjana 248 Afro-Modernity: Temporality, Politics, and the African Diaspora / Michael Hanchard 272 Modes of Citizenship in Mexico / Claudio Lomnitz 299 Modernist Ruins: National Narratives and Architectural Forms / Beatriz Jaguaribe 327 Contributors 349 Index 353