American Anthropology, 1921-1945: Papers from the "American Anthropologist"
By: George W. Stocking (editor)Paperback
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From the 1920s through the end of World War II, American anthropology grew in complexity while its scope became increasingly global and contemporary. Much insightful and innovative work continued to be produced by scholars working with Native American and First Nation communities, but the significant contributions of those conducting research abroad soon became hard to ignore. The nature of culture and acculturation were scrutinized and theorized repeatedly; the relationship between culture and personality became an important subject of inquiry; particular historical reconstructions were joined by more synchronic studies of cultures; more anthropologists gave attention to current events and unraveling the intricacies of modern culture. The discipline as a whole moved away from affiliations with museums and instead cast itself as a social science within the academy; at the same time, government sponsorship of anthropological research increased markedly through New Deal initiatives and wartime programs of the 1940s.
The thirty-nine selections in this volume represent the increasingly diverse areas of research and range of lasting accomplishments in American anthropology during the interwar period through World War II. Featured are seminal contributions by anthropologists such as Ruth Benedict, Julian Steward, Ralph Linton, Clyde Kluckhohn, Leslie Spier, Margaret Mead, Melville Herskovits, Fred Eggan, Robert Redfield, Leslie White, and A. Irving Hallowell. Introducing these essays is an historical overview of American anthropology during this era, by George W. Stocking Jr. George W. Stocking is the Stein-Freiler Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Chicago. His books include Race, Culture, and Evolution: Essays in the History of Anthropology and Delimiting Anthropology: Occasional Inquiries and Reflections.
George W. Stocking is the Stein-Freiler Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of Chicago. His books include Race, Culture, and Evolution: Essays in the History of Anthropology and Delimiting Anthropology: Occasional Inquiries and Reflections.
Introduction: Thoughts toward a History of the Interwar Period George W. Stocking Jr; I. The Twenties; American Culture and the Northwest Coast A. L. Kroeber; Review of A. R. Brown, The Andaman Islanders Robert H. Lowie; Diffusion as a Criterion of Age Wilson D. Wallis; Miwok Lineages and the Political Unit in Aboriginal California Edward Winslow Gifford; The Origin of the Skidi Pawnee Sacrifice to the Morning Star Ralph Linton; Review of Franz Boas, Primitive Art A. L. Kroeber; Review of Roland B. Dixon, The Building of Cultures Leslie Spier; Problems Arising from the Cultural Position of the Havasupai Leslie Spier; II. Innovations; Review of Robert Redfield, Tepoztlan A. L. Kroeber; Configurations of Culture in North America Ruth Benedict; The Science of Culture George Peter Murdock; More Comprehensive Field Methods Margaret Mead; Culture Changes in Yucatan Robert Redfield; Some Empirical Aspects of Northern Salteaux Religion A. I. Hallowell; Kinship Terminologies in California A. R. Radcliffe-Brown; Kinship and History A. L. Kroeber; Memorandum for the Study of Acculturation Robert Redfield, Ralph Linton, and Melville J. Herskovits; Historical Changes in the Choctaw Kinship System Fred Eggan; Review of Fred Eggan (ed.), Social Organization of North American Tribes Julian H. Steward; III. Sub-Disciplines; The Plains Culture Area in the Light of Archaeology W. D. Strong; An Outline of the Problem of Man's Antiquity in North America Edgar B. Howard; The Comparative Linguistics of Uto-Aztecan B. L. Whorf; Internal Linguistic Evidence Suggestive of the Northern Origin of the Navaho Edward Sapir; On Being Unhistorical C. F. Voegelin; A Method for Phonetic Accuracy and Speed Morris Swadesh; Blood Group Determinations of Prehistoric American Indians Leland C. Wyman and William C. Boyd; Fossil Man and the Origin of Races W. W. Howells; IV. Reconsiderations; Review of Robert H. Lowie, The Crow Indians Clark Wissler; The Dual Organizations of the Ramko'kamekra (Canella) of Northern Brazil Curt Nimuendaju and Robert H. Lowie; Linguistic Distributions and Political Groups of the Great Basin Shoshoneans Julian H. Steward; A Problem in Kinship Terminology Leslie A. White; Review of Abram Kardiner, The Individual and His Society Scudder Mekeel; Some Comments on the Study of Cultural Contact Melville J. Herskovits; Acquired Drives in Culture Contact John Gillin; Covert Culture and Administrative Problems Clyde Kluckhohn; On the Concept of Culture and Some Cultural Fallacies David Bidney; Socialization, Personality, and the Structure of Pueblo Society (With Particular Reference to Hopi and Zuni) Esther S. Goldfrank; V. Applications; American Anthropological Association Resolution on Racial Theories; Applied Anthropology and Its Relationship to Anthropology John F. Embree
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