Geography brought them together, but history drove them apart. This is the fundamental reality of the relationship between the United States and Mexico, contends Matthew A. Redinger. Roman Catholics in the United States became increasingly alarmed by the anticlerical articles included in the new Mexican Constitution of 1917 and by the moves to enforce them in the 1920s, through nationalizing church property and closing religious schools. U.S. Catholics viewed the anticlerical agenda of radical social reformers as a threat to their very soul. Individual Catholic religious and lay leaders and numerous Catholic organizations launched broad-based initiatives to arouse sympathetic public opinion and to force the U.S. Government to alter its relationship to the Mexican government. Redinger's study offers an insightful analysis of the efforts of many American Catholics as a private interest group to effect change in the public policy of this nation and in U.S.-Mexican relations. His judicious examination of numerous ecclesiastical and governmental archives, as well as personal papers, elucidates an important period in American Catholic history.