American Corrections: Concepts and Controversies

American Corrections: Concepts and Controversies

By: Christopher Hartney (author), Barry A. Krisberg (author), Susan Marchionna (author)Paperback

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Incorporating theory, research, and the most recent available data, the book takes a contemporary and issues-oriented approach as it explores the most interesting and progressive developments in correctional policy and practice. Students will come away with practical knowledge, as well as a framework for thoughtful analysis of a subject that can seem mysterious or impenetrable. In addition, the book covers subjects many corrections texts treat only minimally, including women in corrections, the death penalty, and special populations. Perhaps most importantly, the book offers a point of view on what is plaguing the American correctional system and a realistic look at the solutions that offer real promise.

About Author

Barry A. Krisberg (PhD, University of Pennsylvania) is a Senior Fellow at the Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Law and Social Policy at the University of California, Berkeley Law School and a Lecturer in Residence at in the Juris Doctor Program at Berkeley Law. He is known nationally for his research and expertise on juvenile justice and corrections issues and is often called upon as a resource for professionals, foundations, and the media. Dr. Krisberg was appointed by the legislature to serve on the California Blue Ribbon Commission on Inmate Population Management. Past president and fellow of the Western Society of Criminology, he was Chair of the California Attorney General's Research Advisory Committee. Dr. Krisberg was appointed to chair an Expert Panel to investigate the conditions in the California youth prisons. His many books and articles include Juvenile Justice and Continuing the Struggle for Justice, both published by SAGE. Susan Marchionna has a varied background in writing, publications, and communications in the criminal justice field. She has most recently consulted with the Earl Warren Institute on Law and Social Policy at UC Berkeley on a number of projects, such as developing evidence-based policy and procedures for the San Francisco Adult Probation Department. Other Warren projects include a probation caseload survey, evaluations of the Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative, and brief analyses on policing and crime in California cities. In addition, Susan has worked with the MOSS Group on publications projects related to PREA compliance and sexual safety in institutions, She is serving as the Technical Editor for a new Desktop Guide Series being produced by the Nation Partnership for Juvenile Services in conjunction with OJJDP. Prior to her current consulting work, Susan was the Director of Communication at the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD). There, she helped develop a series of Focus publications on various research topics. For the NCCD Centennial, Susan edited a collection of essays entitled, Continuing the Struggle for Justice. Susan is a graduate of UC Santa Cruz and a long-time resident of the San Francisco bay area. Christopher Hartney is a senior researcher at the National Council on Crime and Delinquency in Oakland, California. He has worked with the organization since 2001, and has two decades of professional experience in research and statistics. Chris' work at NCCD, funded by various federal, state, and local government agencies and philanthropic foundations, has included the national evaluation of the Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative; bed space needs forecasts for youth tried as adults in Baltimore, Maryland and for juvenile justice-involved youth following system reforms in Arkansas; the development of a new approach to prison for young adults emphasizing intensive strengths-based rehabilitative and educational services in small secure facilities; a review of the causes and impacts of the decarceration of youth from California's youth prison system; the national evaluation of Parents Anonymous; the potential cost savings of alternatives to incarceration for non-serious adult offenders; a Structured Decision Making system for the District of Columbia; the interplay of media coverage, public sentiment, data trends, and policymaking with regard to youth violence in major U.S. cities; and a survey of health care access for system-involved youth in 58 California counties. Chris has authored several NCCD publications documenting disproportionate representation of people of color in the justice system and other issues in justice and corrections, including spotlights on women, Native American youth, youth under 18 in the adult system, and international corrections. He is co-author of several peer-reviewed articles and has presented study findings before a variety of professional, governmental, and community groups. Before joining NCCD, his research work included educational assessment and health impacts in communities exposed to industrial accidents. Chris has a B.A. from the University of California at Berkeley and has completed all master's level coursework in experimental psychology at San Francisco State University.


CHAPTER 1: Introduction A Legacy of Crisis and Turmoil Corrections as a System Corrections and Society A Critical View of the System A Keen Eye toward the Future References CHAPTER 2: Punishment and Social Structure Learning Objectives Discerning Historical Constructs Penance and Fines Social Change in the Later Middle Ages The Discovery of Imprisonment Galley Slavery, Transportation, and the Emergence of Imprisonment The Industrial Revolution and Corrections Solitary Confinement Zebulon Brockway and the Rise of the Adult Reformatory in America Corrections and the Progressive Era (1880-1920) After the Progressive Era (1920-1960) The Era of Civil Rights and Community Corrections (1960-1970) The Prisons Explode (1970-1980) The Demise of Rehabilitation and the Get-Tough Era (1970-Present) Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 3: The Purpose of Punishment and Sentencing Trends How Sentencing Works The Presentence Report Risk and Needs Assessment Sentencing Theories Retributive Justice Deterrence Rehabilitation Incapacitation Theories of Restorative Justice and Reintegrative Shaming Modern Movements in Sentencing Laws and Policies Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 4: Jails The Functions of Jails Who Is in Jail? A Word about Jail Data Facts about Jails Jail Administration Jail Procedures In-Custody Programs Alternatives to Incarceration Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 5: Probation and Alternatives to Incarceration Learning Objectives What is Probation? Who Is on Probation in the US? A Brief History of Probation Two Key Perspectives on Probation Probation Administration The Role of Probation Officers Sentencing and Investigation Supervision Violation, Revocation, and Termination Does Probation Work? Probation Research Alternatives to Incarceration Evaluating Alternatives to Incarceration Cost Savings Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 6: Prisons Learning Objectives The Means to An End Design of Prisons What the Numbers Say Prison Costs The Federal System State Prisons Military Prisons and the War on Terror Classification Systems Security Levels The Supermax Programs and Services The Prison Environment Discipline Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 7: Reentry and Parole Learning Objectives Parole as a Form of Community Corrections The Early History of Parole Parole Basics Parole Authorities The Challenges of Reentry Reentry Data Perspectives on the Current Purpose and Practice of Parole What Works in Parole Evidence-Based Practice and Parole Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 8: Juvenile Corrections Learning Objectives A Brief History The Diverse Landscape of Juvenile Corrections The Structure of the Juvenile Justice System Characteristics of Juveniles in Custody Overrepresentation of Youth of Color Young Women and Juvenile Corrections Recidivism Rates and Juvenile Corrections Juvenile Corrections Fads Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 9: The Corrections Workforce Corrections Work Service Providers and Treatment in Custody Why Corrections Work? Characteristics of the Corrections Workforce Correctional Staffing Education and Training The Correctional Hierarchy Sustaining a Workforce Job Stress Progressive Developments in Leadership Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 10: Law and Corrections State Regulatory Bodies Professional Standards Litigating in the Courts to Stop Abusive Practices Legislating Reforms Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 11: Corrections and the Color Line Learning Objectives Measuring the Extent of the Problem Race and Ethnicity Behind the Walls African American Disproportion in the Criminal Justice System APIs and the Corrections System Native Americans and the Corrections System Latinos and the Corrections System Understanding the Causes of Racial Disparity in Corrections Racial Profiling Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 12: Women in the Corrections System Learning Objectives The "Pink Syndrome" The Rising Tide of Incarcerated Women-What the Numbers Say Girls and the System Women's Pathways into Crime A Complex Mix of Risk Factors Coping Programs and Services Operational Issues in Custody Conditions of Confinement Research on Women and the Justice System Moving Forward with Research on Women Prospects for Gender-Responsive Programming Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 13: Special Populations Learning Objectives Prisons and Jails as Community Health Providers Inmates Suffer from a Wide Range of Medical Problems Health Care Services Mental Illness in Prisons and Jails The Increasing Elderly Prison Population Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) Inmates Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 14: The Death Penalty Learning Objectives The Controversial Moral Imperative The State of Capital Punishment Characteristics of Death Row Inmates Legal Challenges to the Death Penalty Juveniles and the Death Penalty The Death Sentence and Mental Competence Innocence and Those Awaiting Executions Costs of Capital Punishment The Problem of Lethal Injection Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 15: The Growth of Privatization in Corrections Learning Objectives History and Functioning of Private Prisons in the United States Major Private Prison Companies How Private Prisons Function Other Forms of Corrections Privatization Private Prison Performance Impact of Privatization on Local Economies Privatization, Innovation, and Reform The Profit Motive and Conflict of Interest Contracting, Oversight, and Monitoring Are Private Prisons Necessary? Further Research Summary Discussion Questions You Decide References CHAPTER 16: The Politics and Future of Mass Incarceration Learning Objectives Mass Incarceration and Electoral Politics In Whose Interest? An Opening to Change What the Public Actually Thinks about Corrections Policy Confronting the Politics of Mass Incarceration Is Money the Currency of Reform? Recruiting New Allies to Corrections Reform The Way Forward Discussion Questions You Decide References

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781412974394
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 472
  • ID: 9781412974394
  • ISBN10: 1412974399

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