American Government

American Government

By: John Portz (author), Christopher J. Bosso (author), Michael C. Tolley (author)Paperback

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Description

Woven through this text is the unifying theme that American politics represents "conflict and compromise," in direct opposition to the increasingly commonly held view that all politics are dirty and all politicians are crooks. By presenting a balance of essential factual content with a broad assessment of system dynamics and their policy effects, the authors provide an accessible yet sophisticated overview of American politics.Features: Coherent theme of "conflict versus compromise" in the American political system Consistent examination of American history for institutional development Emphasis on the positive role of citizenship in shaping good government Each chapter is accompanied by primary source readings Concise 12 chapter format Our computerized test bank is available for PC based Windows operating systems. Over 1000 test items (including multiple choice, true-false, short answer and essay questions) are offered via the ESATEST 2000 system. This system includes numerous options for creating and editing tests, options for creating multiple versions of a single test, and allows professors to administer tests via LAN or Web-based testing centers. A simple, user-friendly interface, along with animated program guides add to the program's ease of use.

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About Author

Christopher J. Bosso is associate professor and chair of the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University. He is author of Pesticides and Politics: The Life Cycle of a Public Issue (1987) and winner of the Policy Studies Organization award for the best book in policy studies. John H. Portz is associate professor and director of graduate programs in the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University. He is author of The Politics of Plant Closings (1990) and co-author of City Schools and City Politics (1999). Portz also serves as an elected town councilor in the city of Watertown, Massachusetts. Michael C. Tolley is associate professor and director of the undergraduate program in the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University. Among Prof. Tolley's works are State Constitutionalism in Maryland (1992), Courts of Admiralty in Colonial America (1995), and the forthcoming Freedom, Rule of Law, and Democracy in the United States and Britain. Christopher J. Bosso is associate professor and chair of the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University. He is author of Pesticides and Politics: The Life Cycle of a Public Issue (1987) and winner of the Policy Studies Organization award for the best book in policy studies. John H. Portz is associate professor and director of graduate programs in the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University. He is author of The Politics of Plant Closings (1990) and co-author of City Schools and City Politics (1999). Portz also serves as an elected town councilor in the city of Watertown, Massachusetts. Michael C. Tolley is associate professor and director of the undergraduate program in the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University. Among Prof. Tolley's works are State Constitutionalism in Maryland (1992), Courts of Admiralty in Colonial America (1995), and the forthcoming Freedom, Rule of Law, and Democracy in the United States and Britain. Christopher J. Bosso is associate professor and chair of the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University. He is author of Pesticides and Politics: The Life Cycle of a Public Issue (1987) and winner of the Policy Studies Organization award for the best book in policy studies. John H. Portz is associate professor and director of graduate programs in the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University. He is author of The Politics of Plant Closings (1990) and co-author of City Schools and City Politics (1999). Portz also serves as an elected town councilor in the city of Watertown, Massachusetts. Michael C. Tolley is associate professor and director of the undergraduate program in the Department of Political Science at Northeastern University. Among Prof. Tolley's works are State Constitutionalism in Maryland (1992), Courts of Admiralty in Colonial America (1995), and the forthcoming Freedom, Rule of Law, and Democracy in the United States and Britain.

Contents

American Politics: Transforming Conflict into CompromiseEveryday PoliticsThe Nature of Politics * Conflict * Compromise * Politics and Government The Contexts of American Politics * The Size of the Nation * Physical Diversity * Resources * Regionalism * A Diverse Population * Social and Economic Conditions The American Political Culture * Individual Liberty * Fear of Government Power * Free Markets and Private Property * The Rule of Law * Civic Duty * Reason and Progress * Faith * Nationalism * Democracy ConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * Emma Lazarus, "The New Colossus" * Francis A. Walker, "Restrictions of Immigration" The Constitution as a Political DocumentThe Flag and the ConstitutionThe Centrality of the ConstitutionA Political DocumentThe Long Road to the Constitution * The Road to Rebellion * The Declaration of Independence * The Articles of Confederation * Shay's Rebellion Creating the Constitution * Sources of Conflict * The Route to Compromise * The Struggle for Ratification Core Elements of the Constitution * Federalism * Separation of Powers * Separate Constituencies * Rigid Terms of Office * Checks and Balances * Changing the Constitution The Constitution and American PoliticsConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * The Federalist: No. 51 * The Declaration of Sentiments, Seneca Falls Conference Federalism: One Nation, Many GovernmentsThe Problem of Radioactive WasteThe Nature of Federalism * A Balancing Act * A Confusing System * A Practical Solution * The Importance of the States * Dividing Power and Responsibility Federal Powers and Responsibilities * Enumerated Powers * Implied Powers * Inherent Powers * Federal Guarantees to the States * The Constitution and National Supremacy Powers and Responsibilities of the States * Concurrent Powers * Reserved Powers * Relations Between States The Struggle over Federalism * States' Rights and Nationalist Perspectives * The Growth of National Power An Evolving PartnershipBenefits and Costs of FederalismConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * The Federalist Papers: No. 39 * George C. Wallace, "The Civil Rights Movement: Fraud, Sham, and Hoax" Civil Rights and LibertiesReligion and the UniversityRights and LibertiesThe Bill of Rights * The Bill of Rights and Democracy * Updating Rights and Liberties * Rights and Liberties Defined * Balancing Rights and Liberties Civil Rights: Setting a Larger Table * The Right to be Included * Racial Discrimination * Gender Discrimination * Other Civil Rights Issues Civil Liberties: Keeping Government at Bay * First Amendment Freedoms * Rights of the Accused * The Right to Privacy * The Right To Bear Arms * Private Property Rights ConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * Debating Gun Control (McCarthy/McCullom, April, 1999) * Martin Luther King, Jr., "Letter from the Birmingham Jail," 1963 Public Values, Public Opinion, and Mass MediaReforming WelfareThe Power of Public ValuesThe Role of Ideology * Ideological Consistency Liberals and Conservatives * Liberalism * Conservatism * The Great Transformation * Contemporary Libertarians * Populists and Libertarians * Are Americans Liberal or Conservative? * Ideology and Party Political Socialization * Generational Differences Public Opinion * Permissive Versus Directive Opinion * Public Opinion and Politics * Most Important Issues * Shaping Public Opinion Mass Media and the Pictures in Our Heads * The Public Agenda The Role of Mass Media * Good Pictures, Bad Pictures * The Media Business * Media and the Public Agenda * Media Bias ConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * Second Inaugural Address of Franklin D. Roosevelt * First Inaugural Address of Ronald Reagan Political Parties and ElectionsAll Tied Up in IndianaThe Importance of ElectionsPurposes of Elections * Choosing Those Who Govern * Enforcing Democratic Accountability * Influencing Public Policy * Providing Legitimacy The Structure of the Electoral System * Multiple Systems * Separate and Independent Elections * Strict Terms of Office * Determining Winners * Plurality versus Majority-Rule Elections * Electing the President * Costs and Benefits of the System * Types of Elections Who Can Vote * Expanding Suffrage * The Politics of Suffrage * Registering to Vote Who Votes, Who Doesn't * Socioeconomic Factors * Election-Related Factors * Electoral Rules and Turnout Political Parties * Parties as Instruments of Political Action * American Parties Today The Enduring Two-Party System * Effects of the Election System * Factors Working Against Minor Parties * The Dynamics of Coalition Building Elections, Public Opinion, and Public Policy * Competing Candidates, Clear Alternatives * Voters and the Issues * Interpreting the Outcome * Keeping Campaign Promises ConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * 1996 Democratic National Platform * 1996 Republican Platform Interest Groups, Conflict, and PowerVoices of the People?Two Views of Interest Groups * The Optimistic View * The Pessimistic View Interest Groups in American Society * Why Are There So Many Groups? * The Role of the Political System * Governmental Action * Countermobilization What Interest Groups Do * Representing Citizens * Enhancing Political Participation * Monitoring Government * Monitoring Other Groups * Educating Citizens * Publicizing Issues * Influencing Public Policy Recruiting and Mobilizing Members * Disturbances * The Role of Leaders * Why do People Join? * The Free-Rider Problem * The Class Bias in Mobilization Private Versus Public Interests * Private Interests * Public Interests * Major Types of Private Interests * Types of Public Interest Groups Interest Groups and Policymaking * Factors in Interest Group Influence * Techniques of Influence Interest Groups and Money * Campaign Donations: Who Gives, Who Gets Who Governs?ConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * Eisenhower's "Farewell Address" (1961) * The Federalist Papers: No. 10 CongressThe Saga of AmeriCorpsThe Many Roles of Congress * The Classical View * The Presidential Leadership View * The Party Government View * The Central Dilemma of Congress Representation: Becoming a Member * The Representative System * Congressional Elections * Financing Campaigns * The Members of Congress * Voters' Attitudes Toward Congress Organizing Congress * Congressional Parties * The Committee System * Staff and Support Agencies * Congress as an Organization Congress and Lawmaking * House Versus Senate * The Stages of Lawmaking * Presidential Action * Making Decisions * Factors in Legislative Success and Failure ConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * The Case for Term Limits (CLEAN, 1997) * The Case Against Term Limits (League of Women Voters, 1995) The PresidencyThe Liberator of KuwaitThe Symbolic Presidency * Limits on the Presidency The Nature of Presidential Authority * Authority Versus Power * The Veto * Making Recommendations * The President as Commander-in-Chief * Executing the Law * The Appointment Power * Other Sources of Legal Authority Presidential Leadership * Presidential Character * Contextual Factors of Presidential Leadership * The Electoral Context * The Public Context * The Congressional Context The President and the PublicConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * Clinton v. Jones, 117 S.Ct. 163 (1997) * James Bryce, "Why Great Men are Not Chosen Presidents (1888) The Federal BureaucracyRegulating Dietary SupplementsThe Bureaucracy in American Politics * Bureaucracy in Context Defining Bureaucracy * The Classical View of Bureaucracy * Nonbureaucratic Organizations * The Bureaucracy Today Major Units of the Federal Bureaucracy * Cabinet Departments * Independent Commissions * Government Corporations Functions of the Bureaucracy * Providing Basic Services * Serving Specific Clients * Regulation * Combining Functions Working in the Bureaucracy * The Civil Service System * Employment Outside the Civil Service * The Bureaucratic Environment Working with Other Branches of Government * The Bureaucracy and the President * The Bureaucracy and Congress * Responsiveness and Accountability The Changing Bureaucracy * Deregulation * Privatization * Reinventing Government ConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * The Unelected Power of Alan Greenspan (Nader, 1996) * The Jungle (excerpt) Sinclair, 1906 The JudiciarySaving Grand Central StationThe Functions of a Judicial System * General Functions of the Judiciary The Structure of the Judiciary * The Federal Court System * State Court Systems The U.S. Supreme Court as a Legal and Political Institution * Jurisdiction * Original and Appellate Jurisdiction * Gaining Access to the Court * The Supreme Court in Action The Selection of Judges * The Politics of Advice and Consent The Rise of Judicial Review * Marbury v. Madison (1803) * Judicial Review and Democracy * Judicial Review: The Gun Behind the Door Judging Law Versus Making Law * Judicial Policymaking * Judicial Activism versus Judicial Restraint * Public Opinion and the Court ConclusionSummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * Oral Arguments, Roe v. Wade, 410 US 113 (1973) Challenges for American DemocracyWhat Would You Do? * Funding the Public Schools * The Flag and the Constitution * Disposing of Low-Level Radioactive Waste * University Funding for Student Groups * Welfare * Providing Health Care to All * Regulating Dietary Supplements * The Purpose of Government Three Questions for the New Century * What Kind of Society? * Who Has Power? * The U.S. Role in the World The Health of Democracy * A Decline in Social Capital? Conclusion: What Do You Think?SummaryQuestions for Review and DiscussionTerms to RememberWeb SourcesSuggested ReadingsReadings * Andrew Carnegie, "Wealth" (1889) * George Orwell, "Politics and the English Language" (1946)

Product Details

  • publication date: 22/12/1999
  • ISBN13: 9780813368719
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 592
  • ID: 9780813368719
  • weight: 919
  • ISBN10: 0813368715

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