American Look: Fashion and the Image of Women in 1930's and 1940's New York

American Look: Fashion and the Image of Women in 1930's and 1940's New York

By: Rebecca Arnold (author)Paperback

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From the end of the 1930s through the 1940s, the New York fashion industry came into its own. Sportswear, which had evolved from its sporting origins to include simple casual wear for town and country, travel and leisure, was at the centre of this shift. Sportswear provided busy career women, college girls and housewives with clothes that could be worn on all occasions.Drawing on a wonderful array of sources, from fashion magazines to department store records, this book is the rich and absorbing narrative and analysis of how New York sportswear evolved to become the definitive American style and how a modern fashion aesthetic was born. The story that unfolds reveals, with the aid of some wonderful illustrations, how New York's emergent style became dynamic and modern, like the city itself, expressive of the American ideal of athletic, long-limbed women; and how it tapped into both metropolitan Americanness and the America of wide-open spaces.It explores the designers, such as Claire McCardell, Clare Potter and Tina Leser, themselves embodiments of the modern, active woman, and how they gave middle class American women New York sportswear as an alternative to Parisian-inspired designs. It looks for the first time at how its style connected not just to ideals of patriotism and democracy, but to current notions of cleanliness and hygiene, and for example, to 1930s theories of body image, and contemporary dance.

About Author

Rebecca Arnold is Research Fellow in the History of Design Department at the Royal College of Art in London. She was Guest Professor in Fashion Studies at Stockholm University, 2006-2007. As Senior Lecturer at Central Saint Martins College of Art & Design, University of the Arts, she established the first UK undergraduate degree in Fashion History & Theory. She has lectured and written widely on twentieth-century fashion. Her first book, 'Fashion, Desire & Anxiety: Image & Morality in the Twentieth Century' was published by I.B. Tauris in 2001.


List of Illustrations, 4; Acknowledgements, 16; Introduction, 17; Chapter One: New York and the Evolution of Sportswear; New York City, 61; Sportswear, 84; Modern Sportswear Aesthetic I, 102; Chapter Two: American Body Culture; Body Image/Body Culture, 119; Health and Hygiene, 132; Exercise and Dance, 147; Sports Body, 164; Chapter Three: Sportswear and the New York Fashion Industry During the Depression; Effects of the Depression, 189; Career Women, 207; Fashion Group, 226; Chapter Four: Sportswear's Promotion During the 1930s; New York Department Stores, 240; Fashion Media, 259; The Monastic Dress and the Sportswear Promotion in the late 1930s, 279; Chapter Five: Sportswear and the New York Fashion Industry During the Second World War; Effects of the Second World War, 298. Sportswear Design and Representation, 222; Modern Sportswear Aesthetic II, 237; Chapter Six: The American Look and the Rise of the Designer; The American Look, 372; New York Sportswear Designers and Consumerism, 394; The Woman of Fashion 1947, 414; Conclusion, 431; Bibliography, 456; Index.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781860647635
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 256
  • ID: 9781860647635
  • ISBN10: 1860647634

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