American Neuroscience in the Twentieth Century: Confluence of the Neural, Behavioral and Communicative Streams
By: L. Marshall (author), H. W. Magoun (author)Hardback
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A history of how neural, behavioural and communicative subdisciplines coalesced in neuroscience to create a promising approach to understanding the relation of mind to brain. It chronicles the expansion of prominent centres of research and the development of innovative apparatus and concepts.
PREFACE AND FOREWORD INTRODUCTION: EARLY NORTH AMERICAN SCIENCE PART 1 NEURAL SCIENCES CHAPTER 1 PRODROMAL NINETEENTH-CENTURY DEVELOPMENTS Skullduggery Abroad and at Home Brainwatchers Where is Sex in the Brain? The Philadelphia Story CHAPTER 2 PASSAGE TO THE TWENTIETH CENTURY An American School of Comparative Neurology Functional Components of Cranial Nerves in Lower Orders Forebrains of Reptiles, Birds, and Eventually Mammals CHAPTER 3 CONSOLIDATION AND DISCOVERY Filling Gaps between Animal Classes Pioneers in Primate Studies of Thalamocortical Relations CHAPTER 4 ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY OVERTAKES MORPHOLOGY Transatlantic Crossings of Students and Lecturers Somatic Localization in Primates A Midwestern Center of Excellence CHAPTER 5 NEW TRAILS ON FRESH TERRAIN Visceral and Somatic Physiology of the Lower Brain Stem Emergence of Neuroendocrinology Role of the Hypothalamus in Homeostasis CHAPTER 6 THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM Physiology of the Axons Mostly Membranes Neurochemistry and Neuropharmacology CHAPTER 7 INTO THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM Evoked Potentials Development of Electroencephalography An Integrative Neurobiology PART 2 BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES CHAPTER 8 DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY A Common Heritage Divergence: Psychology in America and its Pioneers Introspection as Method CHAPTER 9 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR AND COMPARATIVE PSYCHOLOGY A Nineteenth-Century Study of Animal Behavior Development of Comparative Psychology in America The Law of Effect: From Thorndike to Skinner, Olds to Miller Spread of Behaviorism CHAPTER 10 PREFRONTAL CORTEX OF INFRAHUMAN PRIMATES Experimental Rigor Primatology at Yale University The Primate Center Dream CHAPTER 11 "THAT WHALE AMONG THE FISHES - THE THEORY OF EMOTIONS" The James-Lange Theory Signs of Interest The Circuit of Papez A Functional Turning Point CHAPTER 12 SEX AND THE BRAIN Spotlight on Human Sexuality Neurophysiology of Sex Experimental Attack CHAPTER 13 "THE ROOT OF CONSCIOUSNESS" Historical Prelude American Perspectives A Neurosurgeon's Obligation PART 3 COMMUNICATIVE SCIENCES CHAPTER 14 INFRAHUMAN COMMUNICATION Dolphin Brains and Communicative Ability Echolocation Beauty of Bird Song and Singing Communication by Infrahuman Primates CHAPTER 15 SPEECH AND HUMAN LANGUAGE Aphasias Neurologists and Functional Differentiation Language and Neurolinguistics Developmental problems CHAPTER 16 POSTSCRIPT REFERENCES INDEX
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