In 1784, when Americans first voyaged to China, they confronted Chinese authorities who were unaware that the United States even existed. Nevertheless, a long, complicated, and fruitful trade relationship was born after American traders, missionaries, diplomats, and others sailed to China with lofty ambitions: to acquire fabulous wealth, convert China to Christianity, and even command a Chinese army. In America's First Adventure in China, John Haddad provides a colourful history of the evolving cultural exchange and interactions between these countries. He recounts how American expatriates adopted a pragmatic attitude - as well as an entrepreneurial spirit and improvisational approach - to their dealings with the Chinese. Haddad shows how opium played a potent role in the dreams of Americans who either smuggled it or opposed its importation, and he considers the missionary movement that compelled individuals to accept a hard life in an alien culture. As a result of their efforts, Americans achieved a favourable outcome - they established a unique presence in China - and cultivated a relationship whose complexities continue to grow.
John Haddad is an Associate Professor of American Studies and Popular Culture at Penn State Harrisburg. He was awarded the Gutenberg-e Prize in 2002 for his dissertation, which was published as The Romance of China: Excursions to China in U.S. Culture, 1776-1876.
John R. Haddad is an Associate Professor of American Studies and Popuar Culture at Penn State Harrisburg. He was awarded the Gutenberg-e Prize in 2002 for his dissertation, which was published as The Romance of China: Excursions to China in U.S. Culture, 1776-1876. In 2010, he was awarded a Fulbright Scholar grant to teach and research at the University of Hong Kong.
Acknowledgments A Note on the Spelling of Chinese Words Introduction 1 First Contact: The Voyage of the Empress of China 2 System Men: The Rise of Perkins and Company 3 All for a Cup of Tea: Finding Goods for the Canton Market 4 Beachhead of God: The First Wave of Missionaries 5 Rising on Smoke: Opium and Identity in Canton 6 Formal Ties: The Caleb Cushing Mission 7 Centrifugal Force: The Spread of People, Goods, Capital, and Ideas 8 Heavenly War: Americans and the Taiping Rebellion 9 Cooperation: Burlingame and the Reinvention of Sino-Western Relations Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index