America's Teachers: An Introduction to Education (5th edition)

America's Teachers: An Introduction to Education (5th edition)

By: Joseph W. Newman (author)Paperback

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Through clear, accessible writing and the strongest research base and documentation on the market, this edition offers a positive, teacher-centered view of the profession. America's Teachers: An Introduction to Education, Fifth Edition accurately reflects how teachers themselves feel about their work. With critical and informative material on teaching as an occupation, the foundations of education, and emerging issues affecting today's classrooms, this textbook provides prospective teachers with a realistic look at teaching. This new edition provides a stronger emphasis on cultural diversity in every chapter, particularly in Chapter 8 and thorough integration of No Child Left Behind throughout the text.


Each chapter concludes with "Activities," "Recommended Readings," and "Notes." Preface. I. Teaching as an Occupation. 1. Deciding to Teach and Finding a Job. Motives for Teaching. Perceived Advantages of Teaching Teachers Who Love, Teachers Who Care Leaving No Child Behind? Teachers and Culturally Diverse Students Teaching as Academic Work Satisfaction with Teaching Burnouts, Dropouts, and the Promise of School Reform The Critical Years Ahead The Teacher Job Market Baby Boom, Generation X, Generation Y, and Beyond: The Demand for Teachers A Complex Guessing Game: The Supply of Teachers The Politics of Teacher Supply and Demand Bending Standards, Changing Standards, and No Child Left Behind Connecting with a Teaching Position 2. Earning a Living and Living with Evaluation. Teacher Salaries, State by State Qualified Good News Salaries for New Teachers Other Factors to Consider America's Teachers in 2005: A Demographic Profile Comparing Salaries in Teaching and Other Occupations What Do Other People Earn? How Much Will It Cost You To Be a Teacher? What Lies Ahead? Teacher Salary Schedules A Salary Schedule with "Perverse Incentives" A Typical Salary Schedule An Exceptionally Good Salary Schedule Suspend Disbelief for a Moment Merit Pay: The Birth of "Sound and Cheap" Pyramid Building Bias and Favoritism Teacher Testing Tried and Rejected The Accountability Movement: Merit Pay Comes Back to Life The Factory Model of Schooling Accountability-Based Merit Pay on Trial Value Added Assessment School Performance Incentives No Child Left Behind: A Perfect Match for Merit Pay Behavioral Evaluation of Teachers How Behavioral Evaluation Works Teachers Likes and Dislikes Effects on the Classroom Portfolios: Multifaceted Teacher Evaluation "Union of Insufficiencies" Doing the Job Right The Latest Versions of Merit Pay Changing Times Wright Brothers or Alchemists? Teacher Career Ladders Recent Experiments: Still Looking for a Better Way to Pay 3. Learning to Teach and Proving Your Competence. Teacher Education in the Era of No Child Left Behind Multiple Routes into Teaching The Traditional Route: Undergraduate Teaching Education Liberal Education The Teaching Field Professional Education Master's-Level Routes into Teaching The Holmes Partnership and Professional Development Schools Alternative Master's Degree Programs Alternate Routes into Teaching: Quick and Dirty, or Merely Quick? The New Jersey Shortcut The Texas Squeeze Play A Tale of Two Occupations Raising the Bar in Teacher Education Nostalgia for a Golden Age of Teaching Reforming Teacher Education from the Inside: NCATE, INTASC, and NBPTS Standards and Assessments: Breaking with the Past Literacy Skills The Teaching Field Professional Education Moving Internal Reform into Place INTASC Standards Portfolio Assessment The Praxis Series of Assessments National Board Certification for Accomplished Teachers Teacher Testing and Minority Teachers A Precarious Situation A Way Out? 4. Joining a Teacher Organization and Empowering a Profession. NEA and AFT Four Key Differences Labor, Management, and Gender What Membership Means Collective Bargaining AFT Points the Way How Bargaining Works What Bargaining Covers Teacher Strikes Political Action PACs Who Gets Endorsed Teacher Power and Grassroots Politics Nonunion Alternatives to the NEA and AFT A Teaching Profession? A Unique, Essential Social Service A Defined, Respected Knowledge Base Autonomy Reaching for Professionalism From Job Control to Quality Control Professional Standards Boards: A Case Study The New Unionism in Rochester: A Case Study Professionalism, Feminism, and Unionism 5. Exercising Your Rights and Fulfilling Your Responsibilities. Employment Contracts Tenure Dismissal Due Process Liability Injuries to Students Abused and Neglected Children The Teacher and AIDS/HIV Educational Malpractice Expression Academic Freedom Right of Public Dissent Other Forms of Expression II. Schools and Society. 6. History of American Education. Looking Forward, Looking Back Debates and Patterns Common School Reform in Historical Context Informal and Formal Education among Native and European Americans District Schools, Academies, and Other Schools Enlightenment Ideology, the Republican Spirit, and Early Plans for "Systems of Education" The Impact of Modernization Debates over Common School Reform Politics Morality and Religion The Triumph of Common Schools Compulsory Attendance Laws Public High Schools Progressive School Reform in Historical Context Modernization Accelerates Liberal and Conservative School Reformers Ordinary People: Students, Parents, Teachers, and Others Debates over Progressive School Reform Assimilation for Immigrant Children The Middle Course of Pluralism Separation for African American Children Progressive School Reform in Perspective Twentieth-Century Patterns of Education Competition for Control of the Schools The Local/State/Federal Balance The Quest for Equal Educational Opportunities Trends in the Curriculum 7. Theories of Education. "Why" Questions Four Theories: An Overview Perennialism The Great Books The Paideia Proposal Essentialism Comparing Essentialism and Perennialism William C. Bagley and the 1930s The Academic Critics of the 1950s Back to Basics through Behavioral Essentialism: The 1970s through the Early 2000s Contemporary Essentialists Progressivism John Dewey, School Furniture, and Democracy Children, Society, and Their Problems Progressivism in the Classroom Social Reconstructionism Life Adjustment Blame It on Progressivism: Sixties and Seventies Bashing Where to Find Progressivism: Don't Spend Time in State Curriculum Guides Critical Theory Interrogating the Canon "Whiteness" and Other Paradigm Shifts Language, Accessibility, and Barbie Dolls Taking It to the Masses: Jonathan Kozol 8. Sociology of Education. Social Class The American Social Structure Sorting and Selecting in School Families, Peer Groups, and Schools Ability Grouping and Tracking Creating a Culture of Detracking Race and Ethnicity Defining a "Sense of Peoplehood" in a Multicultural Nation Hispanic American Students African American Students Asian American Students Native American Students Fifty Years after Brown: Desegregation or Resegregation? Historical Perspective De Facto versus De Jure Academic, Social, and Economic Effects of Desegregation Busing Magnet Schools Neo-Plessy Thinking? Effective Schools Research and No Child Left Behind John Obgu and Bill Cosby: The Black Community Must Take More Responsibility Afrocentric Schools Culture Wars over Language and Dialect Bilingual Education Nonstandard English: Black English and Other Dialects Gender Are Schools Still Shortchanging Girls? Gender-Role Socialization Gender Bias in Textbooks Unequal Treatment in the Classroom Closing the Gender Gaps What about the Boys? Cognitive Differences between Females and Males Toward the Future: Feminism and Education 9. Politics of Education. Local Politics of Education Regulations from Above, Pressure from Below Local Boards and Local Superintendents Reinventing Local Control: The Changing Politics of School Districts Local Board Members: Demographics and Representation Local Board Elections: At Large or by Subdistricts? State Politics of Education How States Carry Out Their Educational Responsibilities State Politicians Discover School Reform The Politics of More of the Same Federal Politics of Education Federal Money and Federal Influence Cold War, Poverty War, and Other Battles Ronald Reagan and the New Federalism: Changing the Politics of Education George H. Bush and National Education Goals Bill Clinton: An Education Governor but Not Quite an Education President George W. Bush and No Child Left Behind Educational Finance Local Property Taxes: Some School Districts Are More Equal Than Others State Funds: Reducing the Inequalities Lawsuits, Equity and Adequacy: Educational Finance in the 2000s III. Critical Issues for the 2000s. 10. Private Schools Versus Public Schools. Four Sectors of Private Elementary and Secondary Education Profiles of Private Schools and Their Students New Patterns within the Four Sectors Who Goes to Private School? Roman Catholic Schools Academic Achievement and Socioeconomic Background Are Private Schools Better? Functional Communities and Value Communities Human Capital and Social Capital Fundamentalist Christian Schools Inside Christian Schools The Struggle against Secular Humanism Home Schooling Government Regulation of Private Education Educational Choice Moving Schools into the Marketplace Choice in Action: Established Options, Controversial Experiments Magnet Schools, Voluntary Transfers, and Other Early Versions of Public Choice Open Enrollment and Transfers under No Child Left Behind Charter Schools Privately Managed, For-Profit Public Schools: The Wal-Marts of Education? Private School Vouchers in Milwaukee, Cleveland, and Florida 11. Teachers and the Curriculum. Back to Basics and Testing, Testing, Testing Outputs and Inputs What's Wrong with the Schools? Open Season on Teachers The Measurement-Driven Curriculum: From Minimum Competency Testing to No Child Left Behind The National Assessment of Educational Progress: Eventually a National Curriculum Driver? Can Everybody Be above Average? Is Teacher a Cheater? Curriculum Alignment, Test Teaching, and Data Drilling Pausing to Reconsider Testing, Testing, Testing What Do Americans Need to Know? Essentialists, Progressives, and the Basics The Great Literacy Debate Is Literacy Slipping Away? Cultural Literacy The Critics Respond: Multicultural Literacy and a Better Future A Message for Essentialists: Take the Blame along with the Credit In Closing Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780205463961
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 480
  • ID: 9780205463961
  • weight: 771
  • ISBN10: 0205463967
  • edition: 5th edition

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