Veterinarians need increasingly to be familiar with the interpretation of ultrasound imaging. In this magnificent volume, the authors set standards as they describe all the main aspects of sonography affecting diagnosis in dogs and cats, including ultrasound, m-mode, pulsed and color Doppler echography. Particular attention is devoted to echocardiography, abdominal and pelvic sonography, and foetal ultrasonography.
This book also deals with recognition of the disease process and courses of treatment. The authors further illustrate cases by using conventional radiography, computed microfocal tomographs, photographs of specimens and line drawings. Designed and produced for ease of use this volume has become a source of constant and essential reference for veterinarians in training, practice, teaching, and research that need to interpret ultrasound imaging.
Small Animal Clinic, Veterinary School, Hannover, Germany
Preface Foreword I Nomenclature and Abbreviations II General Part Terminology and Historical Review Terminology History of Diagnostic Ultrasonography. References Physical Principles. Ultrasound Interaction of Ultrasound Beams with Tissues Doppler Effect Doppler Frequency Spectrum Biological Effects of Ultrasound References Technical Principles Ultrasound Beam Production and Reception Ultrasound Beam Geometry Resolution Pre- and Post-processing A-Mode B-Mode Doppler Mode Instrumentation and Documentation Acoustic Coupling Gel Stand-Off Pads Contrast Agents References Sonographic Phenomena and Artefacts Sonographic Tissue Imaging Doppler Rheology Imaging Artefacts References Examination Techniques Indications and Requirements Patient Preparation Patient Positioning Image Orientation and Documentation References III SPECIAL DIAGNOSTICS. Head Tongue Salivary Glands Brain Ocular Ultrasonography References Neck Instrumentation and Examination Technique Muscles, Connective Tissue and Fat Larynx, Trachea and Oesophagus Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands Lymph Nodes Carotid Artery and Jugular Vein References Thoracic Cavity except the Heart Hydrothorax, Haemothorax, Chylothorax and Pyothorax Neoplasia Oesophagus Diaphragm References Heart Echography of the Normal Heart Echography of Heart Disease References Abdominal and Pelvic Cavity Gastrointestinal Tract Liver and Gallbladder Pancreas Spleen Kidneys and Ureters Urinary Bladder and Urethra Adrenal Glands Lymph Nodes Ovaries Uterus and Vagina Scrotum, Testes and Epididymis Prostate Gland Pregnancy and Parturition, Mammary Glands Normal Pregnancy Pathological Pregnancy Parturition Post-partum Uterus Duplex Sonography Mammary Glands References Limbs and Spine Requirements Musculature Tendons Bone Joints Large Vessels and Nerves Spinal Cord References Special Diagnostic Ultrasound Procedures Ultrasound-Guided Biopsy Monitoring Bone Healing with B-Mode Ultrasonography Possibilities and Limitations of Ultrasonography in Monitoring Secondary Fracture Healing Three-dimensional Ultrasonography Interventional Ultrasonography