Geared to basic writers, Easy Guide to Writing offers students a fresh approach to learning sentences. It explains grammar in an easy-to-understand instruction (represented by the bike analogy) and transitions students to future English classes (represented by the glossary) - it bridges both worlds making the abstract concrete.
INTRODUCTION. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN WRITING AND TALKING. WAYS TO IMPROVE YOUR WRITING. Read. Write. Increase Your Vocabulary. WELCOME TO THIS BOOK. PART 1. SENTENCE ESSENTIALS. 1. THE BASIC SENTENCE. SECTION A: SUBJECTS AND PREDICATES. Sentences and Bicycles. Identifying Subjects and Predicates. SECTION B: EXPANDING THE PARTS. Adjectives. Adjectives Ending in -ed. Adjectives in Comparison. Longer Adjectives. Double Comparisons. Adverbs. Prepositional Phrases. 2. DEPENDENT CLAUSES. SECTION A: SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS. CHART: Common Subordinating Conjunctions. Using Subordinating Conjunctions. Using Commas. SECTION B: SENTENCE COMBINING. 3. MORE DEPENDENT CLAUSES. SECTION A: RELATIVE PRONOUNS WHO, WHICH, AND THAT. Using who, which, and that. SECTION B: SENTENCE COMBINING. Combining Sentences With That. Combining Sentences With Which. Combining Sentences With Who. Commas When Using Who. HOW TO Decide: Comma or no Comma. 4. SENTENCE FRAGMENTS. MISSING-SUBJECT FRAGMENTS. MISSING-VERB FRAGMENTS. DEPENDENT CLAUSE FRAGMENTS. CHART: Subordinating Conjunctions. CHART: Relative Pronouns. ADDED-DESCRIPTION FRAGMENTS. ADDED-DETAIL FRAGMENTS. -ING FRAGMENTS. -TO FRAGMENTS. FINDING FRAGMENTS. HOW TO Find Fragments. 5. PUNCTUATING SENTENCES. PERIODS AND SEMICOLONS. Periods. Semicolons. RUN-ON SENTENCES. Correcting Run-on Sentences. Finding Run-on Sentences. HOW TO Find Run-ons. Checking Pronouns. Looking for and's and so's. 6. USING COMMAS. CHART: Summary of Commas. SECTION A: RULES 1 AND 2. Commas with Items in a Series. Single Words. Groups of Words. Commas with Coordinating Conjunctions CHART: Coordinating Conjunctions HOW TO Decide: Comma or no Comma Use a Comma Do Not Use a Comma SECTION B: RULES 3, 4, AND 5. Commas with Additions on the Front Commas with Additions in the Middle Commas with Additions on the Back Helpful Hint PART 2. WORD CHOICE. 7. VERBS. CHART: Regular Verb Forms. PRESENT TENSE. FUTURE TENSE. PAST TENSE. THE INFINITIVE. HELPING VERBS. Active Voice Passive Voice Fixed-form Helping Verbs CHART: Fixed-form Helping Verbs Can and Could Will and Would 8. SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT. SUBJECTS AND VERBS. THE VERBS BE, DO, ANDHAVE. The Verb Be Present Tense Past Tense Using Contraction The Verb Do Present Tense Using Contraction Past Tense The Verb Have Present Tense Using Contraction Helpful Hint SINGULAR SUBJECTS. Gerunds Collective Nouns CHART: Groups Often Treated as Singular Amounts PLURAL SUBJECTS. TRICKY AGREEMENT SITUATIONS. Prepositional Phrases There is / There are and Here is / Here are Questions 9. IRREGULAR VERBS. CHART: Verb Forms. A List of Irregular Verbs. 10. EASILY CONFUSED WORDS. 11. PRONOUNS. SECTION A: PRONOUN TYPES AND REFERENCE. Personal Pronouns CHART: Personal Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns CHART: Indefinite Pronouns Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns CHART: Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns Pronoun Reference Avoiding Vague Reference Avoiding a Shift SECTION B: PRONOUN AGREEMENT AND PLACEMENT. Agreement with Singular and Plural A Common Problem Solution 1 Solution 2 Recognizing Subject and Object A Common Problem Solution Pronoun Placement PART 3. FINE-TUNING SENTENCES. 12. CLARITY. SECTION A: CHOOSING WORDS CAREFULLY. Avoiding a Shift in Tense Omitting Double Negatives Omitting Unnecessary Words Delete Subject Repeats Delete Empty Words Get Straight to the Point Replace Wordy Phrases Combine and Condense Sentences SECTION B: USING SPECIFIC WORDS. 13. PARALLEL STRUCTURES. SIMILAR FORMS. BASIC SETUP. PAIRED WORDS. Either ... or Neither ... nor Not only ... but also 14. SENTENCE VARIETY. SECTION A: ADDITIONS ON THE FRONT. Prepositional Phrases Infinitive Phrases -Ing Additions Helpful Hint SECTION B: ADDITIONS IN THE MIDDLE. Appositives -Ing Additions SECTION C: ADDITIONS ON THE BACK. Summary PART 4. PUNCTUATION AND MECHANICS. 15. APOSTROPHES AND QUOTATION MARKS. SECTION A: APOSTROPHES. Contraction Helpful Hint Possession HOW TO Use -s and an Apostrophe Correctly Helpful Hint SECTION B: QUOTATION MARKS. Short Works of Art Direct Quotations 16. CAPITALIZATION AND MORE PUNCTUATION. CAPITAL LETTERS. Proper and Common Nouns CHART: Proper Nouns and Common Nouns Compass Directions Buildings Titles Family Relationships Capitalizing Additional Nouns Abbreviations for People and Organizations Abbreviations for Time Words in Titles MORE PUNCTUATION MARKS. Commas - Additional Uses Separating Two Adjectives Opening and Closing a Letter Setting off Parts of a Date Setting off Parts of an Address Setting off Numbers Colons Lists Explanations Dashes Exclamation Points Parentheses Question Marks PART 5. WRITING PARAGRAPHS AND ESSAYS. 17. THE WRITING PROCESS. DISCOVERING IDEAS. ORGANIZING IDEAS. Finding a Main Idea and Support Sketching an Outline HOW TO Outline a Paragraph DRAFTING. HOW TO ByPass Roadblocks REVISING. HOW TO Revise EDITING. HOW TO Edit Using Standard Format 18. CHECKPOINTS FOR PAPERS. A MAIN IDEA. CONVINCING SUPPORT. ORGANIZED SUPPORT. Using Time Order Using Order of Importance Sticking to the Point CONNECTED SUPPORT. Transition Words Key Words or Ideas Transition Sentences THE CONCLUSION. HOW TO Write a Conclusion WRITING PROMPTS FOR ONE-TWO PARAGRAPH PAPERS. 19. ESSAYS. ESSAY DIAGRAM. INTRODUCTORY PARAGRAPH. Helpful Hint SUPPORTING PARAGRAPHS. Ordering Ideas Time Order Order of Importance Categories Helpful Hint Outlining Ideas HOW TO Outline an Essay CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH. WRITING PROMPTS FOR ESSAYS. PART 6. BASICS FOR NON-NATIVE SPEAKERS. 20. NON-NATIVE SPEAKER INFORMATION. NOUNS. Count Nouns Noncount Nouns DETERMINERS. Common Determiners A, An, The This, That, These, Those Chart: Proximity and Number Some, Any VERBS. Verbs Followed by an Infinitive Verbs Followed by an -ing Verb Form Verbs Followed by Either an Infinitive or an -ing Verb Form Verb Forms Used as Adjectives PREPOSITIONS. Prepositions with Verbs Prepositions with Adjectives ORDER OF ADJECTIVES. SENTENCE STRUCTURE. Questions Negatives Using although and because APPENDIX: ANSWERS TO SELF TESTS. GLOSSARY OF GRAMMATICAL TERMS.
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