A comprehensive collection of historical readings in the philosophy of mathematics and a selection of influential contemporary work, this much-needed introduction reveals the rich history of the subject.
An Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics: A Reader brings together an impressive collection of primary sources from ancient and modern philosophy. Arranged chronologically and featuring introductory overviews explaining technical terms, this accessible reader is easy-to-follow and unrivaled in its historical scope. With selections from key thinkers such as Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume and Kant, it connects the major ideas of the ancients with contemporary thinkers. A selection of recent texts from philosophers including Quine, Putnam, Field and Maddy offering insights into the current state of the discipline clearly illustrates the development of the subject.
Presenting historical background essential to understanding contemporary trends and a survey of recent work, An Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics: A Reader is required reading for undergraduates and graduate students studying the philosophy of mathematics and an invaluable source book for working researchers.
Russell Marcus is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy at Hamilton College, New York, USA. Mark McEvoy is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Hofstra University, USA.
How to use this book Introduction: Terminology and Axioms Part I: Ancients and Medievals Introductory overview I.1. Pythagoreans I.2. Parmenides and Zeno's Paradoxes I.3. Plato I.4. Aristotle Part II: Moderns Introductory overview II.1. The Rationalists II.2. The Empiricists II.3. Kant Part III: 19th and Early 20th Centuries Introductory overview III.1. Mill III.2. Cantor III.3. Logicism III.4. Formalism III.5. Intuitionism III.6. Conventionalism III.7. Wittgenstein III.8. Goedel's Theorem III.9. Goedel's Platonism Part IV: Contemporary Views Introductory overview IV.1. The Problem IV.2. The Indispensability Argument IV.3. Benacerraf's Number Puzzle and Structuralism IV.4. Modalism IV.5. Fictionalism. IV.6. Apriorism IV.7. Naturalism. IV.8. Plenitudinous Platonism V.9. Challenges to Mathematical Apriorism Bibliography Index