The field of beam physics touches many areas of physics, engineering, and the sciences. In general terms, beams describe ensembles of particles with initial conditions similar enough to be treated together as a group so that the motion is a weakly nonlinear perturbation of a chosen reference particle. Particle beams are used in a variety of areas, ranging from electron microscopes, particle spectrometers, medical radiation facilities, powerful light sources, and astrophysics to large synchrotrons and storage rings such as the LHC at CERN.
An Introduction to Beam Physics is based on lectures given at Michigan State University's Department of Physics and Astronomy, the online VUBeam program, the U.S. Particle Accelerator School, the CERN Academic Training Programme, and various other venues. It is accessible to beginning graduate and upper-division undergraduate students in physics, mathematics, and engineering. The book begins with a historical overview of methods for generating and accelerating beams, highlighting important advances through the eyes of their developers using their original drawings. The book then presents concepts of linear beam optics, transfer matrices, the general equations of motion, and the main techniques used for single- and multi-pass systems. Some advanced nonlinear topics, including the computation of aberrations and a study of resonances, round out the presentation.
Michigan State University, USA University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Beams and Beam Physics What Is Beam Physics Production of Beams Acceleration of Beams Linear Beam Optics Coordinates and Maps Glass Optics Special Optical Systems Fields, Potentials and Equations of Motion Fields with Straight Reference Orbit Fields with Planar Reference Orbit The Equations of Motion in Curvilinear Coordinates The Linearization of the Equations of Motion The Drift The Quadrupole without Fringe Fields Deflectors Round Lenses Aberration Formulas Computation and Properties of Maps Aberrations and Symmetries Differential Algebras The Computation of Transfer Maps Manipulation of Maps Linear Phase Space Motion Phase Space Action Polygon-like Phase Space Elliptic Phase Space Edwards-Teng Parametrization Imaging Devices The Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) The Camera and the Microscope Spectrometers and Spectrographs Electron Microscopes and Their Correction The Periodic Transport The Transversal Motion Dispersive Effects A Glimpse at Nonlinear Effects Lattice Modules The FODO Cell Symmetric Achromats Special Purpose Modules Synchrotron Motion RF Fundamentals The Phase Slip Factor Longitudinal Dynamics Transverse Dynamics of RF Cavities Resonances in Repetitive Systems Integer Resonance Half-Integer Resonance Linear Coupling Resonance Third-Integer Resonance References Index