An Introduction to Childhood: Anthropological Perspectives on Children's Lives
By: Heather Montgomery (author)Paperback
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In An Introduction to Childhood , Heather Montgomery examines the role children have played within anthropology, how they have been studied by anthropologists and how they have been portrayed and analyzed in ethnographic monographs over the last one hundred and fifty years. Offers a comprehensive overview of childhood from an anthropological perspective Draws upon a wide range of examples and evidence from different geographical areas and belief systems Synthesizes existing literature on the anthropology of childhood, while providing a fresh perspective Engages students with illustrative ethnographies to illuminate key topics and themes
Heather Montgomery is a Senior Lecturer in Childhood Studies at The Open University. She has written on children and sexuality, tourism, children's rights and on the role of children in anthropology. Her publications include Modern Babylon? Prostituting Children in Thailand (2001), Understanding Childhood: An Interdisciplinary Approach (2003, with Martin Woodhead), and Changing Childhoods: Global and Local (2003, with Martin Woodhead and Rachel Burr).
Acknowledgments. Introduction. 1 Childhood within Anthropology. Introduction. Children: The First Primitives. Culture and Personality. Cross-Cultural Studies of Child-Rearing. Children in British Anthropology. The Gendered Child. Child-Centered Anthropology. Conclusion. 2 What is a Child? Introduction. Childhood as a Modern Idea: The Influence of Philippe Aries. Conceptualizations of Childhood. Children as Incompetent or Subordinate. Children as Equals. Children as a Means of Forming Families and Giving Status. Children as an Economic Investment. Unwanted and Nonhuman Children. Conclusion. 3 The Beginning of Childhood. Introduction. Fetuses. Spirit Children. Reincarnation. Anomalies. Conclusion. 4 Family, Friends, and Peers. Introduction. The Role of Parents. Adoption and Fosterage. Children outside the Family. Siblings. Friends and Peer Groups. Conclusion. 5 Talking, Playing, and Working. Introduction. Learning Language. Children and Play. Work or Play? Conclusion. 6 Discipline, Punishment, and Abuse. Introduction. Discipline and Punishment in the Western Tradition. Physical Punishment. Alternatives to Physical Punishment. Who Can Punish Children? Child Abuse. Conclusion. 7 Children and Sexuality. Introduction. Anthropology, Sexuality, and Childhood. Children and Sex: The Influence of Freud. Incest and Abuse. Ethnographies of Children and Sexuality. Child Prostitution. Conclusion. 8 Adolescence and Initiation. Introduction. What is Adolescence? Adolescence and Globalization. Initiation. Initiation: A Psychological Approach. Initiation and Education. Initiation and Gender. Initiation: The End of Childhood? Conclusion. Conclusion. Bibliography. Index.
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