An Introduction to Contact Linguistics (Language in Society)
By: Donald Winford (author)Paperback
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This book is a comprehensive introduction to the study of language contact and its outcomes, as well as the social and linguistic factors involved. * Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field of contact linguistics. * Examines a wide range of language contact phenomena from both general linguistic and sociolinguistic perspectives. * Offers an account of current approaches to all of the major types of contact-induced change. * Discusses the general processes and principles that are at work in cases of contact.
Donald Winford is Professor of Linguistics at Ohio State University. He is author of Predication in Caribbean English Creoles (1993), and co-editor of several volumes, including Focus and Grammatical Relations in Creoles (1993) and The Structure and Status of Pidgins and Creoles (1998). He was president of the Society for Caribbean Linguistics (1998-2000), and is currently editor of the Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages.
1. Introduction: The Field of Contact Linguistics:. The Subject Matter Of Contact Linguistics. History Of Research On Language Contact. The Field Of Contact Linguistics. Types Of Contact Situation. Overview Of Contact Situations And Their Outcomes. The Social Contexts Of Language Contact. 2. Language Maintenance and Lexical Borrowing:. Introduction. 'Casual' Contact And Lexical Borrowing. Contact In Settings Involving "Unequal" Bilingualism. Lexical Borrowing In Equal Bilingual Situations. Social Motivations For Lexical Borrowing. The Processes And Products Of Lexical Borrowing. The Integration Of Loanwords. Linguistic Constraints On Lexical Borrowing. Structural Consequences Of Lexical Borrowing. Summary. 3. Structural Diffusion in Situations of Language Maintenance:. Introduction. Is There Direct Borrowing Of Structural Features?. Factors Affecting Structural Convergence. Structural Convergence In Stable Bilingual Situations. Sprachbunde: Contact Across Contiguous Speech Communities. A Case Of Intimate Inter-Community Contact: Arnhem Land. Heavy To Extreme Structural Diffusion: Borrowing Or Substratum Influence?. The Social Contexts Of Structural Convergence. Linguistic Constraints On Structural Diffusion Into A Maintained Language. Constraints On Syntactic Diffusion. Summary. 4. Code Switching in its Social Contexts:. Introduction. Defining Code Switching. Social Motivations For Code Switching. Summary. 5. Code Switching: Linguistic Aspects:. Introduction. Structural Constraints On Code Switching. A Production-Based Model Of Code Switching. Constraints On Code Switching Within The MLF Model. Constraints On Multi-Word Switches (EL Islands). Further Issues. Summary. 6. Bilingual Mixed Languages:. Introduction. Definition And Classification. Media Lengua. Michif. Creations Associated With Language Shift. The Case Of Ma'a. The Strange Case Of Copper Island Aleut. Summary. 7. Second Language Acquisition and Language Shift:. A. An Overview Of Individual Second Language Acquistion:. Introduction. L1 Influence In SLA. Simplification In SLA. Internal Developments In L2 Systems. Developmental Stages In SLA. Strategies And Processes In SLA. Principles And Constraints On SLA. B. Group Second Language Acquisition Or Language Shift. Introduction. Irish English. "Indigenized" Englishes And Similar Contact Varieties. Issues In The Study Of Language Shift. Linguistic Constraints In Language Shift. Non-Structural Factors In Language Shift. Question Of Classification. C. First Language Attrition And Death. Introduction. External (Social) Factors In Language Death. The Linguistic Consequences Of L1 Attrition. Language Attrition In Relation To Other Contact Phenomena. Summary. 8. Pidgins and Pidginization:. Introduction: Definitions. Social Contexts Of Pidgin Formation. Russenorsk: A Brief Sketch. Structural Characteristics Of Pidgins. Pidgin Formation In Relation To Early SLA. Elaborated Or Extended Pidgins. Simplified Languages. Issues Of Classification Revisited. Summary. 9. Creole Formation:. Introduction. Defining Creoles. The Sociohistorical Background To Creole Formation. The Emergence Of "Intermediate" Creoles: Bajan. The Emergence Of Radical Creoles: Suriname. Some Aspects Of Creole Grammar. Theories Of Creole Formation. Radical Creole Formation As SLA. Mechanisms, Constraints And Principles In Creole Formation. Universal Principles And Creole Formation. Externally Motivated Change In Later Creole Development. Summary. References. Index.
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