An Introduction to Inertial Confinement Fusion (Series in Plasma Physics)
By: Susanne Pfalzner (author)Hardback
1 - 2 weeks availability
Newcomers to the field of inertial confinement fusion (ICF) often have difficulty establishing a clear picture of the overall field. The reason for this is because, while there are many books devoted to special topics within the field, there is none that provides an overview of the field as a whole. An Introduction to Inertial Confinement Fusion fills this gap with an overview of the processes involved in ICF presented at an accessible level. After a broad overview, the book follows the processes from the driver technology to burn physics in chronological order. As each topic appears, the author details the physical concepts and obstacles. The book concludes with a look to the future prospects of the field.
FUNDAMENTALS OF INERTIAL CONFINEMENT FUSION What happens in the sun? Can one produce energy on Earth like in the sun? The two approaches - Magnetic vs. Inertial Confinement Stages in inertial confinement fusion Outline of the Book LASER DRIVERS FOR ICF Basics of laser physics Lasers for ICF applications Nd-glass lasers for ICF Alternatives to Nd-glass lasers BASIC PLASMA PHYSICS Debye length and plasma frequency Particle description Fluid description Plasma waves Plasma heating The ponderomotive force Shock waves Equation of state for dense plasmas ABSORPTION OF LASER LIGHT Coupling of the laser energy to the target Inverse Bremsstrahlung absorption Resonance absorption Parametric instabilities Indirect drive: coupling laser energy to the hohlraum ii Energy transport HYDRODYNAMIC COMPRESSION AND BURN Implosion of solid target Foil target Rocket Model and Ablation Compression wave - Shock front - Shock wave Compression phase Spherically convergent shock waves Isentropic compression Multiple shocks Burn RAYLEIGH-TAYLOR INSTABILITIES Basic concept RT in the ablation phase RT instabilities in the deceleration phase Consequences for target design Idealized RT instabilities vs. ICF situation Other dynamic instabilities ENERGY REQUIREMENTS AND GAIN Power balance Energy requirements Gain TARGETS Basic considerations for target design Direct and indirect-drive targets Direct-drive targets Indirect-drive targets Target fabrication ICF POWER PLANT Power plant design Plant efficiency Target chamber Target fabrication for power plant Safety issues HEAVY-ION DRIVEN FUSION Heavy-ion drivers Ion beam energy deposition Target design for heavy-ion drivers Heavy-ion power plant Light-ion drivers FAST IGNITOR Fast-ignitor vs. hot-spot concept Hole boring or laser cone guiding? O -center ignition Status and Future ABC OF ICF APPENDIX Predicted energy consumption and resources Constants Formulae Abbreviations Constants of the semiempirical mass formula List of Codes used for Numerical Modelling References Bibliography
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