An Introduction to Korean Linguistics is a valuable and comprehensive text for those with an interest in Korean linguistics. This book provides an in-depth introduction to the basics of Korean linguistics, and modern linguistic theory, in an accessible style. It features a step-by-step approach designed to lead the reader through the linguistic make-up of the language, from the basics of its sound system and sentence structure to the semantics of modern spoken Korean. Features include: * Detailed chapters covering the core areas in the field of linguistics, including phonetics, phonology, morphology and syntax * Clear and accessible explanations which effectively demonstrate the intricacies and subtleties of the Korean language * Suggested readings for those interested in expanding their knowledge of a specific topic * Exercises designed to complement the factual and analytical issues covered in each chapter * A comprehensive glossary of central terms and a companion website offering a wealth of additional materials.
Korean is an invaluable language for the study of theoretical and comparative linguistics as it provides important examples and counter-examples to key issues, making An Introduction to Korean Linguistics an essential text for students and professional linguists alike.
EunHee Lee is Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, USA. Sean Madigan is a lecturer in the Department of Linguistics and Cognitive Sciences at Dartmouth University, USA. Mee-Jeong Park is Associate Professor of Korean Language and Linguistics at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA.
1 Mental Grammar and Korean 1.1 Language, Grammar, and the Mind 1.1.1 Knowledge of Language 1.1.2 Grammar and Universal Grammar 1.2 Introducing the Korean Language 1.2.1 The Basics of Korean 1.2.2 A Brief History of Korean 1.2.3 The Linguistic Study of Korean 1.3 Conducting Linguistic Research 1.3.1 The Scientific Method and Linguistic Research 1.3.2 Constructing Coherent Arguments 1.4 About this Book 1.4.1 Road Map 1.4.2 About Glossing Notes Suggested Readings Questions for Discussion 2 Phonetics 2.1 Phonetic Inventory: Romanization and the International Phonetic Alphabet 2.2 Korean Consonants 2.2.1 Voicing 2.2.2 Place of articulation 220.127.116.11 Bilabial 18.104.22.168 Alveo-dental 22.214.171.124 Palatal 126.96.36.199 Velar 188.8.131.52 Glotal 2.2.3 Manner of articulation 184.108.40.206 Stops 220.127.116.11 Fricatives 18.104.22.168 Affricates 22.214.171.124 Nasals 126.96.36.199 Liquids 2.2.4 Acoustic properties of Korean consonants 2.3 Korean Vowels 2.3.1 Tongue Height 2.3.2 Tongue Advancement 2.3.3 Lip Rounding 2.3.4 Monothongs and Diphthongs 2.3.5 Acoustic Properties of Korean Vowels 2 2.4 Suprasegmental Features in Korean 2.4.1 Vowel Length and Stress 2.4.2 Accentual phrase 2.4.3 Intonational phrase 2.4.4 Tone in Kyungsang Dialect Notes Suggested Readings Exercises 3 Phonology 3.1 Phonemes and Allophones 3.2 Syllable Structure 3.3 Phonological changes: consonants 3.3.1 Coda Neutralization 3.3.2 Epenthesis 3.3.3 Sibilation 3.3.4 Nasalization 3.3.5 Tensification 3.3.6 Palatalization 3.3.7 Liquidization 3.3.8 Consonant cluster simplification 3.4 Phonological changes: vowels 3.4.1 Vowel Harmony 3.4.2 vowel deletion 3.4.3 vowel insertion 3.5 Solving Phonology Problems 3.6 Phonotactic Constraints in Korean Notes Suggested Readings Exercises 4 Morphology 4.1 Words and Word Formation 4.1.1 Morphemes 188.8.131.52 Affixation: Prefix, Infix, and Suffix 4.1.2 Analyzing Word Structure 4.1.3 Typology: Agglutinative Language 4.2 Inflection 4.2.2 Case Morphology 4.2.3 Plural Inflection 4.2 Derivation 4.2.1 Nominalization 4.2.2 Compounding 4.5 Morphological Analysis 4.6 Morphophonological Processes 3 Notes Suggested Readings Exercises 5 Syntax 5.1 Phrase Structure and Basic Sentences 5.1.1 Phrase Structure Rules 184.108.40.206 Noun Phrases 220.127.116.11 Verb Phrases 18.104.22.168 Modifying Phrases 22.214.171.124 Prepositions 126.96.36.199 Are There Adjective Phrases in Korean? 188.8.131.52 Other Phrases 5.1.2 Constituency Tests 5.1.3 Structural Relations 184.108.40.206 Dominance 220.127.116.11 Precedence 18.104.22.168 C-Command 22.214.171.124 Grammatical Relations 5.2 Case 5.2.1 The Korean Case System 126.96.36.199 Nominative Case 188.8.131.52 Accusative Case 184.108.40.206 The Dative 220.127.116.11 The Genitive 18.104.22.168 Case and Grammatical Relations 5.2.2 Occurrences of Multiple Case-Marking 22.214.171.124 Multiple Nominatives 126.96.36.199 Multiple Accusatives 5.3 Anaphora and Binding 5.3.1 The Korean Pronominal System 188.8.131.52 Korean Pronouns 184.108.40.206 Binding Condition B and Korean Pronouns 5.3.2 Local and Long-distance Reflexives 220.127.116.11 The Korean Reflexive System 18.104.22.168 Binding Condition A and Local Reflexives 22.214.171.124 Long-distance Reflexives 5.4 Sentence Structure 5.4.1 Korean Word Order 5.4.2 Functional Categories 126.96.36.199 Complementizer Phrase and Tense Phrase (and Mood Phrase) 188.8.131.52 Determiner Phrase 5.4.3 Embedded Clauses 5.5 Transformations 5.5.1 Head Movement in Korean 184.108.40.206 Verb Movement 4 220.127.116.11 T-to-C Movement 5.5.2 Phrasal Movement in Korean 18.104.22.168 Passives 22.214.171.124 Raising 5.5.3 Scrambling 5.5.4 Wh-questions in English and Korean Notes Suggested Readings Exercises 6 Semantics 6.1 Theories and Subfields of Semantics 6.2.1 Truth-conditional Semantics, Cognitive Semantics and Pragmatics 6.2.2 Lexical Semantics 6.2.2 Compositional Semantics 126.96.36.199 Sentential Meaning 188.8.131.52 Semantic Relationships between Sentences 6.2 Nominal Reference in Korean 6.2.1 Plurality in Korean 6.2.2 Topic and Focus Particles of Korean 6.2.3 Quantification and Floating Quantifiers in Korean 6.2.4 Classifier Constructions in Korean 6.3 Negation in Korean 6.3.1 Long Form vs. Short Form and the Scope Problem 6.3.2 Negative Polarity Items 6.4 Tense, Aspect and Modality in Korean 6.4.1 The Structure of a Predicate in Korean and the Scope of Operators 6.4.2 Tense, Grammatical and Lexical Aspect 6.4.3 Modality and Evidentiality 6.5 Context 6.5.1 The Grammatical Marking of Speech Acts in Korean 6.5.2 Honorifics in Korean Notes Suggested Readings Exercises
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