An Introduction to Plasma Technology: Science, Engineering and Applications
By: John Ernest Harry (author)Hardback
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Written by a university lecturer with more than forty years experience in plasma technology, this book adopts a didactic approach in its coverage of the theory, engineering and applications of technological plasmas. The theory is developed in a unified way to enable brevity and clarity, providing readers with the necessary background to assess the factors that affect the behavior of plasmas under different operating conditions. The major part of the book is devoted to the applications of plasma technology and their accompanying engineering aspects, classified by the various pressure and density regimes at which plasmas can be produced. Two chapters on plasma power supplies round off the book. With its broad range of topics, from low to high pressure plasmas, from characterization to modeling, and from materials to components, this is suitable for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and professionals in the field.
John Ernest Harry has been involved with plasma research for more than fourty years. He has 120 scientific papers, three books and more than ten patents to his name. After a period in industry he joined Loughborough University, UK, as a Senior Lecturer for electrical engineering in 1972 and became Reader in Electric Discharges in 1985. In addition to his lectureships John Ernest Harry is Chief Executive of Plasma Systems Ltd, Kent, UK, and works with Loughborough University as a project consultant.
1. PLASMAS, AN OVERVIEW Plasma Energy Distribution Plasma Sheaths The Generalized Discharge Characteristic Coupling Energy to a Plasma Effect of Pressure Frequency Magnetic Fields 2. ELASTIC AND INELASTIC COLLISION PROCESSES IN GASES Elastic Processes Excitation and Ionisation Processes 3. THE INTERACTION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS WITH PLASMAS Collective and Particle Behaviour of Plasmas Charged Particles in Electromagnetic Fields Behaviour of A Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field The Defining Characteristics of a Plasma Methods of Coupling Electrical Energy to Plasmas 4. APPLICATIONS OF LOW PRESSURE ELECTRIC DISCHARGES AND PLASMAS Plasma Processes Used in Electronics Fabrication Magnetically Enhanced Plasmas The Cold Cathode Lamp Barrier Discharges for Lamps and Lasers and Plasma Screens Gas Lasers Molecular Lasers Electron and Ion Beams Glow Discharge Nitriding 5. ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE DISCHARGES The Townsend Discharge Corona Discharges Corona Discharges on Power Lines Corona Used for Water Treatment Electrostatic Charging Processes Dielectric Barrier Discharges Partial Discharges Surface Discharges The Atmospheric Pressure DC Glow Discharge 6. ARC PROCESSES Arc Welding Electric Arc Melting Arc Gas Heaters Electrodeless Discharges High Pressure Discharge Lamps Ion Lasers Switchgear Effect of Lightning on Overhead Lines Magnetohydrodynamic Power Generation Generation of Electricity by Nuclear Fusion Natural Phenomena Applications in Space Research 7. DIAGNOSTIC METHODS AND MODELLING Probe Methods Interferometry Spectroscopic Methods Scattering Measurements 8. PLASMA AS A CIRCUIT ELEMENT: THE PLASMA CHARACTERISTIC 9. ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLIES AND INSTRUMENTATION Stabilisation at the Operating Point The Transformer Rectification Instrumentation Safety 10. ENGINEERING MATERIALS AND COMPONENTS Electrodes Insulators Gases Optical Materials Vacuum Pumps and Instrumentation Gas Supplies and Instrumentation Water Cooling and Instrumentation
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