Fully updated and expanded, this new edition provides students with an accessible introduction to marine chemistry. It highlights geochemical interactions between the ocean, solid earth, atmosphere and climate, enabling students to appreciate the interconnectedness of Earth's processes and systems and elucidates the huge variations in the oceans' chemical environment, from surface waters to deep water. Written in a clear, engaging way, the book provides students in oceanography, marine chemistry and biogeochemistry with the fundamental tools they need for a strong understanding of ocean chemistry. Appendices present information on seawater properties, key equations and constants for calculating oceanographic processes. New to this edition are end-of-chapter problems for students to put theory into practice, summaries to allow easy review of material and a comprehensive glossary. Supporting online resources include solutions to problems and figures from the book.
Michael E. Q. Pilson is Emeritus Professor of Oceanography at the Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island and has taught a course on chemical oceanography for most of the past 40 years. For some years, he directed the Marine Ecosystems Research Laboratory at Rhode Island, conducting experimental study of biogeochemistry in shallow coastal waters. Professor Pilson has published around 90 papers on chemical, physical, biological, ecological and geological aspects of oceanography and has advised students in chemical and biological areas. His broad range of experience has shaped his oceanography course to be accessible and interesting to students with diverse backgrounds, interests and professional goals.
Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. The water in seawater; 3. Salinity, chlorinity, conductivity, and density; 4. Major constituents of seawater; 5. Simple gases; 6. Salts in solution; 7. Carbon dioxide; 8. Nutrients; 9. Trace metals and other minor elements; 10. Radioactive clocks; 11. Organic matter in the sea; 12. Anoxic marine environments; 13. Exchanges at the boundaries; 14. Chemical extraction of useful substances from the sea; 15. Geochemical history of the oceans; Appendix A. The chemical elements; Appendix B. Symbols, units, and nomenclature; Appendix C. Physical properties of seawater; Appendix D. Gases; Appendix E. Carbon dioxide; Appendix F. Dissociation constants and pH scales; Appendix G. Solubility of calcium carbonate; Appendix H. Effects of pressure; Appendix I. Radioactive decay; Appendix J. Geochemical reservoirs, and some rates; Appendix K. Sound absorption; Glossary; References; Index.