This book applies the techniques of systemic functional grammar to the description of the Old English historical dialect, 650-1150 CE. Systemic functional grammar is an approach to the description of language which distinguishes three separate functions in communication: language as representation, language as attitude, and language as the construction of text. Most applications of systemic functional theory have concentrated on modern English. This book is the first comprehensive description of the Old English dialect on systemic functional principles. The book begins with an outline of systemic functional grammatical theory. It then describes the Old English clause with a separate grammar for each of the three general functions it serves, the representational, the attitudinal, and the text-formative. Other areas covered include structures and functions within nominal, verbal and adverbial groups; relationships among clauses; embedding; and cohesion. The book is thus designed to suit the needs of systemic functional grammarians who are interested in the historical development of the English language.
It is also designed for students of Old English who are looking for ways of explaining the grammatical system of Old English on terms other than those of traditional grammar.
Michael Cummings teaches as Professor emeritus at York University, Toronto. He is co-author or co-editor of The Language of Literature (1983), Linguistics in a Systemic Perspective (1988), and Relations and Functions within and around Language (2002). He has also published a number of articles and book chapters on the systemic functional description of Old English.
Introduction Chapter 1. Synopsis of Systemic Functional Grammar. Chapter 2. The Old English Clause from the Interpersonal Perspective Chapter 3. The Old English Clause from the Experiential Perspective Chapter 4. The Old English Clause from the Textual Perspective Chapter 5. Old English Groups and Phrases Chapter 6. Complexes of Clauses, Groups and Words Chapter 7. Beyond the Cause: Cohesion and Metaphor