In the last decade, developed welfare states have witnessed a pendulum swing away from unconditional entitlement to social assistance, towards greater emphasis on obligations and conditions tied to the receipt of financial aid. Through administrative reforms, conditions of entitlement have been narrowed. With the introduction of compulsory work for recipients the contract between the state and uninsured unemployed people is changing.
The product of research funded by the European Union, this book compares 'work-for-welfare' - or workfare - programmes objectively for the first time. It considers well publicised schemes from the United States alongside more overlooked examples of workfare programmes from six European countries: France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Denmark and Britain. It is the first time that details of workfare programmes have been collated in such an easily accessible format.
'An offer you can't refuse' provides an analysis of the ideological debates that surround compulsory work programmes and gives a detailed overview of the programmes implemented in each country, including their political and policy contexts and the forces that have combined to facilitate their implementation. Similarities and differences between programmes are explored. Explanations for differences and lessons for policy makers are discussed.
Professor Ivar Lodemel is a Professor/Research Director at Oslo University College, Norway.
Contents: A new contract for social assistance ~ Ivar L*emel and Heather Trickey; Between subsidiarity and social assistance - the French republican route to activation ~ Bernard Enjolras, Jean Louis Laville, Laurent Fraisse and Heather Trickey; Uneven development - local authorities and workfare in Germany ~ Wolfgang Voges, Herbert Jacobs and Heather Trickey; Workfare in the Netherlands - young unemployed people and the Jobseeker's Employment Act ~ Henk Spies and Rik van Berkel; National objectives and local implementation of workfare in Norway ~ Ivar Lodemel; When all must be active - workfare in Denmark ~ Anders Rosdahl and Hanne Weise; Steps to compulsion within British labour market policies ~ Heather Trickey and Robert Walker; Making work for welfare in the United States ~ Michael Wiseman; Comparing workfare programmes - features and implications ~ Heather Trickey; Discussion: workfare in the welfare state ~ Ivar Lodemel.