Steel and composite steel-concrete structures are widely used in modern bridges, buildings, sport stadia, towers, and offshore structures. Analysis and Design of Steel and Composite Structures offers a comprehensive introduction to the analysis and design of both steel and composite structures. It describes the fundamental behavior of steel and composite members and structures, as well as the current design criteria and procedures given in Australian standards AS/NZS 1170, AS 4100, AS 2327.1, Eurocode 4, and AISC-LRFD specifications.
Featuring numerous step-by-step examples that clearly illustrate the detailed analysis and design of steel and composite members and connections, this practical and easy-to-understand text:
Covers plates, members, connections, beams, frames, slabs, columns, and beam-columns
Considers bending, axial load, compression, tension, and design for strength and serviceability
Incorporates the author's latest research on composite members
Analysis and Design of Steel and Composite Structures is an essential course textbook on steel and composite structures for undergraduate and graduate students of structural and civil engineering, and an indispensable resource for practising structural and civil engineers and academic researchers. It provides a sound understanding of the behavior of structural members and systems.
Qing Quan Liang is an associate professor of structural engineering at Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia. He obtained his Ph.D from Victoria University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia, and ME from the University of Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia. He has published more than 84 technical books, book chapters, special issues, journal articles, and refereed conference papers, and is a member of the editorial board of Steel and Composite Structures: An International Journal. An ASCE member, he served on the ASCE Technical Committees on Optimal Structural Design and on Composite Construction and received the ASCE 2005 State-of-the-Art of Civil Engineering Award.
Preface Acknowledgements Introduction Steel and Composite Structures Limit State Design Philosophy Basic Concepts and Design Criteria Strength Limit State Stability Limit State Serviceability Limit State Structural Design Process Material Properties Structural Steel Profiled Steel Reinforcing Steel Concrete References Design Actions Introduction Permanent Actions Imposed Actions Wind Actions Determination of Wind Actions Regional Wind Speeds Site Exposure Multipliers Aerodynamic Shape Factor Dynamic Response Factor Combinations of Actions Combinations of Actions for Strength Limit State Combinations of Actions for Stability Limit State Combinations of Actions for Serviceability Limit State References Local Buckling of Thin Steel Plates Introduction Steel Plates Under Uniform Edge Compression Elastic Local Buckling Post-Local Buckling Design of Slender Sections Accounting for Local Buckling Steel Plates Under In-Plane Bending Elastic Local Buckling Ultimate Strength Design of Beam Sections Accounting for Local Buckling Steel Plates in Shear Elastic Local Buckling Ultimate Strength Steel Plates in Bending and Shear Elastic Local Buckling Ultimate Strength Steel Plates in Bearing Elastic Local Buckling Ultimate Strength Steel Plates in Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns Elastic Local Buckling Post-Local Buckling Double Skin Composite Panels Local Buckling of Plates Under Biaxial Compression Post-Local Buckling of Plates Under Biaxial Compression Local Buckling of Plates Under Biaxial Compression And Shear Post-Local Buckling of Plates Under Biaxial Compression and Shear References Steel Members Under Bending Introduction Behaviour of Steel Members Under Bending Properties of Thin-Walled Sections Centroids Second Moment of Area Torsional and Warping Constants Elastic Section Modulus Section Moment Capacity Member Moment Capacity Restraints Members with Full Lateral Restraint Members without Full Lateral Restraint Design Requirements for Members Under Bending Shear Capacity of Webs Yield Capacity of Webs in Shear Shear Buckling Capacity of Webs Webs in Combined Shear and Bending Transverse Web Stiffeners Longitudinal Web Stiffeners Bearing Capacity of Webs Yield Capacity of Webs in Bearing Bearing Buckling Capacity of Webs Webs in Combined Bearing and Bending Load-Bearing Stiffeners Design for Serviceability References Steel Members Under Axial Load and Bending Introduction Members Under Axial Compression Behaviour of Members in Axial Compression Section Capacity in Axial Compression Elastic Buckling of Compression Members Member Capacity in Axial Compression Laced and Battened Compression Members Members in Axial Tension Behaviour of Members in Axial Tension Capacity of Members in Axial Tension Members Under Axial Load and Uniaxial Bending Behaviour of Members Under Combined Actions Section Moment Capacity Reduced by Axial Force In-Plane Member Capacity Out-of-Plane Member Capacity Design of Portal Frame Rafters and Columns Rafters Portal Frame Columns Members Under Axial Load and Biaxial Bending Section Capacity Under Biaxial Bending Member Capacity Under Biaxial Bending References Steel Connections Introduction Types of Connections Minimum Design Actions Bolted Connections Types of Bolts Bolts in Shear Bolts in Tension Bolts in Combined Shear and Tension Ply in Bearing Design of Bolt Groups Welded Connections Types of Welds Butt Welds Fillet Welds Weld Groups Bolted Moment End Plate Connections Design Actions Design of Bolts Design of End Plate Design of Beam-to-End-Plate Welds Design of Column Stiffeners Geometric Requirements Pinned Column Base Plate Connections Connections Under Compression and Shear Connections Under Tension and Shear References Plastic Analysis of Steel Beams and Frames Introduction Simple Plastic Theory Plastic Hinge Full Plastic Moment Effect of Axial Force Effect of Shear Force Plastic Analysis of Steel Beams Plastic Collapse Mechanisms Work Equation Plastic Analysis Using the Mechanism Method Plastic Analysis of Steel Frames Fundamental Theorems Method of Combined Mechanism Plastic Design to AS 4100 Limitations on Plastic Design Section Capacity Under Axial Load and Bending Slenderness Limits References Composite Slabs Introduction Components of Composite Slabs Behaviour of Composite Slabs Shear Connection of Composite Slabs Basic Concepts Strength of Shear Connection Degree of Shear Connection Moment Capacity Based on Eurocode 4 Complete Shear Connection with Neutral Axis Above Sheeting Complete Shear Connection with Neutral Axis Within Sheeting Partial Shear Connection Moment Capacity Based on Australian Practice Positive Moment Capacity with Complete Shear Connection Positive Moment Capacity with Partial Shear Connection Minimum Bending Strength Design for Negative Moments Vertical Shear Capacity of Composite Slabs Positive Vertical Shear Capacity Negative Vertical Shear Capacity Vertical Shear Capacity Based on Eurocode 4 Longitudinal Shear Punching Shear Design Considerations Effective Span Potentially Critical Cross Sections Effects of Propping Design for Serviceability Crack Control of Composite Slabs Short-Term Deflections of Composite Slabs Long-Term Deflections of Composite Slabs Span-to-Depth Ratio for Composite Slabs References Composite Beams Introduction Components of Composite Beams Behaviour of Composite Beams Effective Sections Effective Width of Concrete Flange Effective Portion of Steel Beam Section Shear Connection of Composite Beams Basic Concepts Load-Slip Behaviour of Shear Connectors Strength of Shear Connectors Degree of Shear Connection Detailing of Shear Connectors Vertical Shear Capacity of Composite Beams Vertical Shear Capacity Ignoring Concrete Contribution Vertical Shear Capacity Considering Concrete Contribution Design Moment Capacity for Positive Bending Assumptions Cross Sections with ?? ? ? 0.5 and Complete Shear Connection Cross Sections with ?? ? ? 0.5 and Partial Shear Connection Cross Sections with ?? = 1.0 and Complete Shear Connection Cross Sections with ?? = 1.0 and Partial Shear Connection Cross Sections with 0.5 < ?? ? ? 1.0 Minimum Degree of Shear Connection Design Moment Capacity for Negative Bending Design Concepts Key Levels of Longitudinal Reinforcement Plastic Neutral Axis Depth Design Negative Moment Capacity Transfer of Longitudinal Shear in Concrete Slabs Longitudinal Shear Surfaces Design Longitudinal Shear Force Longitudinal Shear Capacity Longitudinal Shear Reinforcement Composite Beams with Precast Hollow Core Slabs Design for Serviceability Elastic Section Properties Deflection Components of Composite Beams Deflections Due to Creep and Shrinkage Maximum Stress in Steel Beam References Composite Columns Introduction Behaviour and Design of Short Composite Columns Behaviour of Short Composite Columns Short Composite Columns Under Axial Compression Short Composite Columns Under Axial Load and Uniaxial Bending Non-Linear Analysis of Short Composite Columns General Fibre Element Method Fibre Strain Calculations Material Constitutive Models for Structural Steels Material Models for Concrete in Rectangular CFST Columns Material Models for Concrete in Circular CFST Columns Modelling of Local and Post-Local Buckling Stress Resultants Computational Algorithms Based on the Secant Method Behaviour and Design of Slender Composite Columns Behaviour of Slender Composite Columns Relative Slenderness and Effective Flexural Stiffness Concentrically Loaded Slender Composite Columns Uniaxially Loaded Slender Composite Columns Biaxially Loaded Slender Composite Beam-Columns Non-Linear Analysis of Slender Composite Columns General Modelling of Load-Deflection Behaviour Modelling of Axial Load-Moment Interaction Diagrams Numerical Solution Scheme Based on Muller's Method Composite Columns with Preload Effects Composite Columns Under Cyclic Loading References Composite Connections Introduction Single-Plate Shear Connections Behaviour of Single-Plate Connections Design Requirements Design of Bolts Design of Single Plate Design of Welds Tee Shear Connections Behaviour of Tee Shear Connections Design of Bolts Design of Tee Stems Design of Tee Flanges Design of Welds Detailing Requirements Beam-to-CEC Column Moment Connections Behaviour of Composite Moment Connections Design Actions Effective Width of Connection Vertical Bearing Capacity Horizontal Shear Capacity Detailing Requirements Beam-to-CFST Column Moment Connections Resultant Forces in Connection Elements Neutral Axis Depth Shear Capacity of Steel Beam Web Shear Capacity of Concrete Semi-Rigid Connections Behaviour of Semi-Rigid Connections Design Moments at Supports Design of Seat Angle Design of Slab Reinforcement Design Moment Capacities of Connection Compatibility Conditions Design of Web Angles Deflections of Composite Beams Design Procedure References Notations Index