Analytic Philosophy in America: and Other Historical and Contemporary Essays
By: Scott Soames (author)Hardback
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In this collection of recent and unpublished essays, leading analytic philosopher Scott Soames traces milestones in his field from its beginnings in Britain and Germany in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, through its subsequent growth in the United States, up to its present as the world's most vigorous philosophical tradition. The central essay chronicles how analytic philosophy developed in the United States out of American pragmatism, the impact of European visitors and immigrants, the midcentury transformation of the Harvard philosophy department, and the rapid spread of the analytic approach that followed. Another essay explains the methodology guiding analytic philosophy, from the logicism of Frege and Russell through Wittgenstein's linguistic turn and Carnap's vision of replacing metaphysics with philosophy of science. Further essays review advances in logic and the philosophy of mathematics that laid the foundation for a rigorous, scientific study of language, meaning, and information. Other essays discuss W.V.O. Quine, David K.
Lewis, Saul Kripke, the Frege-Russell analysis of quantification, Russell's attempt to eliminate sets with his "no class theory," and the Quine-Carnap dispute over meaning and ontology. The collection then turns to topics at the frontier of philosophy of language. The final essays, combining philosophy of language and law, advance a sophisticated originalist theory of interpretation and apply it to U.S. constitutional rulings about due process.
Scott Soames is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the University of Southern California. He is the author of Philosophy of Language, What Is Meaning?, Reference and Description, the two-volume Philosophical Essays, and the two-volume Philosophical Analysis in the Twentieth Century (all Princeton).
Introduction ix Origins of the Essays xxv PART ONE Milestones 1 Analytic Philosophy in America (2008) 3 2 Methodology in Late Nineteenth-and Early Twentieth-Century Analytic Philosophy (forthcoming) 35 3 Language, Meaning, and Information: A Case Study on the Path from Philosophy to Science 60 4 For Want of Cognitively Defined Propositions: A History of Insights and Lost Philosophical Opportunities 71 5 The Place of Willard Van Orman Quine in Analytic Philosophy (2013) 104 6 David Lewis's Place in Analytic Philosophy (forthcoming) 139 7 Kripke on Epistemic and Metaphysical Possibility: Two Routes to the Necessary A Posteriori (2011) 167 PART TWO Historical Problems and Controversies 8 What Is the Frege/Russell Analysis of Quantification? 191 9 No Class: Russell on Contextual Definition and the Elimination of Sets (2008) 200 10 Ontology, Analyticity, and Meaning: The Quine-Carnap Dispute (2009) 207 PART THREE Current Topics 11 Two Versions of Millianism (2012) 231 12 What Are Natural Kinds? (2007) 265 13 Vagueness and the Law (2012) 281 14 Toward a Theory of Legal Interpretation (2012) 299 15 Deferentialism: A Post-Originalist Theory of Legal Interpretation (2013) 321 Index 343
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