Until 1923 there were large Greek populations outside the boundaries of the Greek state in many areas of the Near and Middle East. These constituted what the Greeks term I kath'imas Anatoli ('our East') and were the focus for the Megali Idea, the 'Great Idea' of incorporating the Greeks of the region within a single state, with Constantiople as its capital. Professor Clogg deals here with the history of this Greek East in the 18th and 19th centuries and at the same time makes a contribution to the study of the Ottoman world within which they lived. The opening articles examine how these communities were defined, in religious terms (many were Turkish-speaking), and their organisation as part of the Ottoman system of government. Further studies then look at factors, economic, intellectual and messianic, which contributed to the emergence of the Greek state and its expansionist aspirations, and at aspects of religious history, including Protestant missionary activity and the Orthodox reaction to Enlightenment thought.
Contents: I kath'imas Anatoli: the Greek East in the 18th and 19th centuries; The Greek millet in the Ottoman Empire; Anadolu Hiristiyan Karindaslarimiz; The Byzantine legacy in the modern Greek world: the Megali Idea; The Dhidhaskalia Patriki (1798): an Orthodox reaction to French revolutionary propaganda; Elite and popular culture in Greece under Turkish rule; Korais and England; Anti-clericalism in pre-independence Greece c.1750-1821; 'Eide ston Tourko vasilevei i adikia kai i arpagi': the Smyrna 'rebellion' of 1797; The Greek mercantile bourgeoisie: 'progressive' or 'reactionary'?; Sense of the past in pre-independence Greece; Some karamanlidika inscriptions from the Monastery of the Zoodokhos Pigi, Balikli, Istanbul; Benjamin Barker's journal of a tour in Thrace (1823); Some Protestant tracts printed at the press of Ecumenical Patriarchate in Constantinople: 1818-1820; A little-known Orthodox neo-martyr, Athanasios of Smyrna (1819); The correspondence of Adhamantios Korais with the British and Foreign Bible society; A further note on the French newspapers of Istanbul during the revolutionary period (1795-97); An attempt to revive Turkish printing in Istanbul in 1779; Index.