Austronesia is the vast oceanic region which stretches from Madagascar to Taiwan to New Zealand. Encompassing both scattered archipelagos and major landmasses, Austronesia - derived from the Latin australis,'southern',and Greek nesos,'island' - is used primarily as a linguistic term, designating a family of languages spoken by peoples with a shared heritage. Julian Baldick, a celebrated historian of ancient religion, here argues that the diverse inhabitants of the Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia, New Guinea and Oceania show a common inheritance that extends beyond language. This commonality is found above all in mythology and ritual, which reach back to an ancient, prehistoric past. From around 1250 BCE the original proto-Oceanic speakers migrated eastwards from South-East Asia. Navigating by the sun, the stars, bird flight, the swells of the sea and cloud-swathed mountain islands, Austronesian voyagers used canoes and outriggers to settle on new territories. They developed a unified pattern of religion characterised by mortuary rites, headhunting and agrarian rituals of the annual calendar, culminating in a post-harvest festival often sexual in nature.
This unique overview of Austronesian belief and tradition - the author's final book, and published posthumously - will be essential reading for students of religion, prehistory and anthropology.
Julian Baldick (1950-2012) was formerly Reader in the Study of Religions at King's College London. He was the author of Homer and the Indo-Europeans: Comparing Mythologies; Imaginary Muslims: The Uwaysi Sufis of Central Asia; Black God: The Afroasiatic Roots of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim Religions; Mystical Islam: An Introduction to Sufism (new edition, 2012) and Animal and Shaman: Ancient Religions of Central Asia (new edition, 2012), all published by I.B.Tauris.
Acknowledgements v Introduction 1 1. Taiwan 15 2. Western Malayo- Polynesian speakers 49 3. Central Malayo- Polynesian speakers 87 4. Eastern Malayo- Polynesian speakers 115 Conclusions 175 Notes 205 Bibliography 223 Index 231