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Knowledge has become a buzzword of the age. In the North, people talk of "the knowledge-based economy"; in the South, the World Bank now defines itself as "a knowledge institution". But the question is: whose knowledge? This collection of general reflections and practical experiences illustrates the inappropriateness of a Western model in many local settings, and the positive value of non-Western systems of knowledge, values and ways of doing things. It shows how traditional knowledge is being recognised in the botanical and agricultural sectors - local medicinal herbs, local seed varieties and animal breeds, local methods of pest control. The projects illustrate the notion of endogenous development, or "development from within". They show how development can be based on locally available natural resources and local knowledge, values and leadership institutions; how development options can be locally determined; and how to retain the benefits of development within local areas and communities. Endogenous development is not a total solution, but complementary to ongoing modern technological and global economic processes.
BERTUS HAVERKORT and WIM HIEMSTRA are agronomists with the ETC Foundation in The Netherlands. Bertus Haverkort manages the ETC's Programme on Low External Input and Sustainable Agriculture (ILEIA). Wim Hiemstra specialises in sustainable agriculture and is the editor of the ILEIA Newsletter.
1 - Introduction 2 - Ancient Roots: Cultures, Knowledge and Development 3 - Experiences of the Compas Network - Enhancing Endogenous Development 4 - Development from within 5 - Roots and shoots in Asia 5.1 The roots of Asian knowledge and belief systems (with special reference to India, Nepal and Sri Lanka) 5.2 Experiences from CIKS 5.3 Revitalising local health traditions in Southern India (FRLHT) 5.4 Celebrating diversity for livelihoods - community based biodiversity conservation (GREEN Foundation) 5.5 Experiences from KPP 5.6 Building on tribal culture and knowledge - endogenous development in a tribal area (IDEA) 5.7 Revitalising traditional agriculture in Sri Lanka (ECO, Compas Sri Lanka) 5.8 Experiences from TIRD-P 5.9 Empowering indigenous knowledge for sustainable development in Nepal (ECOS) 5.10 Asian Compas Network 6 - Roots and Shoots in Africa 6.1 Roots of knowledge and belief systems in sub-Sahara Africa 6.2 Improving farming with ancestral support in Northern Ghana (CECIK) 6.3 Ecocultural centres and natural experts at the heart of endogenous development in Zimbabwe (AZTREC) 6.4 Enhancing indigenous agricultural knowledge in Africa - the Compas ENEDA network 7 - Roots and Shoots in Latin America 7.1 Roots of knowledge and belief systems in Latin America 7.2 Introducing indigenous knowledge in a Bolivian state-university curriculum (Agruco) 7.3 Experiences from Central America: ADICI and OXLAJUJ AJPOP 7.4 Compas Latin America Network 8 - Roots and Shoots in Europe 8.1 More than it seems: Worldviews and belief systems in Europe 8.2 Biodynamic farming in the Netherlands (BD) 8.3 Environmental co-operatives in the Netherlands reconnect faming, ecology and society (Vel-Vanl) 8.4 Endogenous development in Europe 9 - Conclusions and new challenges
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- ID: 9781842773345
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