Anglo-American Crossroads: Urban Planning and Research in Britain, 1940-2010
By: Mark Clapson (author)Paperback
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The postwar British city was been shaped by many international forces during the last century, but American influences on British urban research and urban planning have been particularly significant. Beginning with debates about reconstruction during the Second World War, Anglo-American Crossroads explores how Americanisation influenced key approaches to town planning, from reconstruction after 1945 to the New Urbanism of the 1990s. Clapson pays particular attention to the relationship between urban sociological research and planning issues since the 1950s. He also addresses the ways in which American developers and planners of new communities looked to the British new towns and garden city movement for inspiration. Using a wide range of sources, from American Foundation Archives to town planning materials and urban sociologies, Anglo-American Crossroads shows that although some things went wrong in translation from the USA to Britain, there were also some important successes within a transatlantic dialogue that was more nuanced than a one-dimensional process of American hegemony.
Mark Clapson is Reader in History in the Department of Social and Historical Studies at Westminster University, UK.
1. Atlantic Interchanges and the British City: Some Key Themes \ 2. Roads to Reconstruction: The Rockefeller Foundation and the Special Housing Mission in wartime Britain \ 3. Green Lights for Understanding: the American Contribution to Urban Research in Britain from the1940s to the 1970s \ 4. Neighbourhoods and Dead Ends: American influences upon the planning of new communities in postwar Britain \ 5. Roads to Edge City: motorways, Milton Keynes and out-of-town urbanization \ 6. The Opposite Direction: British influences upon new community planning in North America during the 1960s \ 7. Avoiding Danger: the USA and the regeneration of the inner city in Britain since 1970 \ 8. Some conclusions and connections
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