A fascinating and intricately woven tale of opium trade, evangelism, scientific discovery and political intrigue, Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire: Malaria, Opium and British Rule in India 1756-1895 documents the contribution of a medical misconception to the preservation of British Rule in India. British authorities, desperate to shield the India-China Opium Trade from the escalating criticism of Christian evangelists and missionaries, endorsed the claim that opium prevented and cured malaria. This scientific validation of a vital source of revenue helped decimate the anti-opiumist movement, allowing the Indian government to vastly expand poppy cultivation in the name of both economic prosperity and public health. In this thoroughly researched and immensely readable history, author Paul Winther provides a revealing look at the complex and often unexpected negotiations that enable scientific authority to legitimize political and economic gain.
Paul C. Winther is professor of anthropology at Eastern Kentucky University.
Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 The Missionaries' Lament in a Milieu of Indifference, 1773-1874 C.E. Chapter 3 The Gathering Storm: Protest, Politics, and Science, 1874-1893 C.E. Chapter 4 The Serendipitous Nature of "Except for Medical Use" and Participants in the Royal Commission Hearings Chapter 5 Hope for the Anti-Opiumists: Witnesses' Perspectives about Why People in India Eat Opium Chapter 6 More Hope for the Moralists?: Witnesses' Observations about Who Eats Opium in India Chapter 7 Sir William Roberts' Evaluation of the Opium and 'Malaria' Evidence Chapter 8 The Anti-Opiumists' Worst Nightmare Chapter 9 The Wider Context: Anglo-European Science and the Rhetoric of Empire