Since its re-emergence as nation-state in 1923, Turkey has often looked like an odd appendix to the West situated in the borderlands of Europe and the Middle East, economically backward, inward looking, marred by political violence, yet a staunch NATO ally, it has been eyed with suspicion by both 'East' and 'West'. The momentous changes in the regional and world order after 1989 have catapulted the country back to the world stage. Ever since, Turkey has turned into a major power broker and has developed into one the largest economies in the world. In the process, however, the country has failed to solve its ethnic, religious and historical conflicts peacefully.
At this historical turning point, Kerem Oktem charts the contemporary history of Turkey, exploring such key issues as the relationship between religion and the state, Kurdish separatism, Turkey's relationship with Israel and the ongoing controversy over Turkey's entry into the EU. Readable but comprehensive, this is the definitive book on the country's erratic transformation from a military dictatorship to a maturing, if still troubled, democracy.
Kerem OEktem is a research fellow at the European Studies Centre, St Antony's College and lectures the politics of the Middle East at the Oriental Institute.
Introduction Part I: Empire and Nation: The Late Ottoman State and the Turkish Republic before 1980 1. Reform and Imperial Dissolution 2. The Kemalist One Party-State (1920s - 1946) 3. The Guardian State's Incomplete Democracy (1946 - 1980) Part II: The OEzal Years: Rupture, Promise and Missed Chances (1980 - 1991) 4. Silence and Torture: 12 September 1980 5. Motherland Promise: Wealth and Stability 6. Re-Engagement with the World: The US, Europe and 1989 Part III: The 'Lost Decade': Wars, Crises and Weak Coalitions (1991 - 2002) 7. State of Emergency in the East: The Kurdish War in the 1990s 8. Fighting Terror: The Guardian State in Western Turkey 9. Post-modern Coups and Cracks in the System (1997 - 2001) 10. Crises, Hopes and Saviours (2000 - 2002) Part IV: Justice and Development: 'Islamic Calvinists' versus the Guardian State (2002 - 2007) 11. Islamic Calvinists in Office 12. War and Peace in Kurdistan 13. Memory and Reality: The Return of the Guardians Part V: Another Nation: Moving Towards the Present (2007-2010) 14. The Guardian State Exposed 15. Home Affairs: Kurdish, Alevi and Human Rights 16. Engaging with the World 17. Turkey's Possible Futures