Scientists within human and animal science have extensively discussed the philosophy of medicine, but never have both sides communicated on their concepts of health, quality of life and welfare, with each other. This book aims to help clarify the difficult but central notions of health and welfare by comparing the human and animal variants of these concepts. Split into three parts this book starts by presenting a background of some of the major theories of human health and welfare, followed by a detailed discussion of theories on animal welfare and health. While the final part of the book tests a comprehensive conceptual framework of a holistic kind, which focuses on the individual's ability to achieve its vital goals.
1: Some Theories of Human Health and Welfare 2: An Overview of Historical Conceptions of Human Health 3: A Starting-point: Two Modern Streams of Philosophy of Human Health and Disease 4: The Place of Evolutionary Theory in the Philosophy of Health and Welfare 5: Two Classic Theories of Human Welfare 6: A Background to the Analysis of Welfare or Quality of Life in the Human Sciences 7: Some Contemporary Theories of Human Welfare or Quality of Life 8: Theories of Animal Health and Welfare 9: Ideas on Animal Health 10: Some Examples of Ideas on Animal Welfare 11: Biological Theories of Animal Welfare 12: Theories of Welfare, Ethics and Values 13: Theories of Welfare in Terms of Subjective Well-Being 14: On Animal Minds: A Digression 15: On Quality of Life in Animals 16: The Idea of Welfare as Fulfillment of Preferences 17: Theories of Welfare in Terms of Needs 18: Theories of Welfare in Terms of Natural Behaviour 19: On Complex Views of Animal Welfare 20: On Conflicts Between Individual and Systemic Welfare 21: Welfare and Time 22: Summing up the Analysis 23: A Holistic Approach to Animal Health and Welfare 24: Towards a Holistic Theory of Health in Animal Science 25: Towards a Happiness Theory of Welfare in the Animal Context Appendix: On Amartya Sen's theory of functionings and capabilities