Romans clearly loved their pets and gave them human names. The wealthiest kept gazelles and ibex on their estates as living lawn ornaments. At the same time, they imported exotic animals from Africa and then slaughtered them in both gladiatorial combat and cold-blooded spectacle. Animals in Roman Life and Art explores animals in Roman iconography, Roman knowledge - both factual and fanciful - about various fauna, and Roman use of animals for food, clothing, transport, war, entertainment, religious ceremony, and companionship. Arranged by species, J.M.C Toynbee's magisterial survey ranges from the exotic (the rhinoceros and hippopotamus) to the commonplace (dogs and cats). Toynbee concludes her study with a discussion of Roman beliefs about animalsin the afterlife, where, according to Virgil, "the herds will not fear the mighty lion" and "the timid deer will ...drink beside the hounds".
Jocelyn was an English archaeologist and art historian. She was a leading British scholar in Roman artistic studies in the mid-twentieth century and one of the recognised authorities in the world. Jocelyn graduated with a first class degree in Classical Tripos from Cambridge before going on to work as a tutor and lecturer at Oxford, Reading and Cambridge Universities, before becoming Laurence Professor of Classical Archaeology at Cambridge from 1951-1962. Jocelyn conducted her archaeological work in Roman Britain, broadening her appreciation to provincial and Celtic art. She died 1985.