Answering the Call: Popular Islamic Activism in Egypt (Religion and Global Politics)
By: Abdullah A. Al-Arian (author)Hardback
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When revolutionary hero Gamal Abdel Nasser dismantled and suppressed Egypt's largest social movement organization during the 1950s, few could have imagined that the Muslim Brotherhood would not only reemerge, but could one day compete for the presidency in the nation's first ever democratic election. While there is no shortage of analyses of the Muslim Brotherhood's recent political successes and failures, no study has investigated the organization's triumphant return from the dustbin of history. Answering the Call examines the means by which the Muslim Brotherhood was reconstituted during Anwar al-Sadat's presidency. Through analysis of structural, ideological, and social developments during this period in the history of the Islamic movement, a more accurate picture of the so-called "Islamic resurgence" developsone that represents the rebirth of an old idea in a new setting. The Muslim Brotherhood's success in rebuilding its organization rested in large part on its ability to attract a new generation of Islamic activists that had come to transform Egypt's colleges and universities into a hub for religious contention against the state.
Led by groups such as al-Gama'ah al-Islamiyyah (The Islamic Society), the student movement exhibited a dynamic and vibrant culture of activism that found inspiration in a multitude of intellectual and organizational sources, of which the Muslim Brotherhood was only one. By the close of the 1970s, however, internal divisions over ideology and strategy led to the rise of factionalism within the student movement. A majority of student leaders opted to expand the scope of their activist mission by joining the Muslim Brotherhood, rejuvenating the struggling organization, and launching a new phase in its history. Answering the Call is an original study of the history of this dynamic and vibrant period of modern Egyptian history, giving readers a fresh understanding of one of Egypt's most pivotal eras.
Abdullah Al-Arian is Assistant Professor of History at Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service in Qatar. His research interests include Islamic social movements, US relations with the Middle East, Islam and globalization, Islamic law and society, and the history of Islam in the United States. He is a frequent contributor to the Al-Jazeera English network and website.
Foreword - Dr. John O. Voll ; Introduction ; Chapter One: The Islamic Movement on the Eve of Sadat ; Chapter Two: The Youth of Islam ; Chapter Three: Return of the Brothers ; Chapter Four: Islam on Campus ; Chapter Five: The Young and the Old ; Chapter Six: Constructing the Call ; Conclusion ; Epilogue ; Bibliography ; Notes
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- ID: 9780199931279
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