Brettell's new book provides new insight into the processes of migration and transnationalism from an anthropological perspective. She analyzes macro and micro approaches to migration theory, utilizing her extensive fieldwork in Portugal and many other countries. Key issues she discusses include: immigrant incorporation vs. assimilation models; the impacts on individual, household and community as well as institutions and states; ethnic group composition; illegal immigration; city vs. suburban enclaves; ethnic entrepreneurship; the role of religion; men and women as migrants; and the use of oral histories in understanding immigration and the mediation of new social boundaries. This book will be indispensable to instructors and researchers in anthropology, race and ethnic studies, immigration studies, urban studies, sociology, and international relations.
Caroline Brettell is professor and chair of the department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University. She is a specialist on migration and on Portuguese culture and society.
Chapter 1 Introduction: Anthropology, Migration, and the Portuguese Diaspora Part 2 PART I. Situating the Anthropological Perspective: Macro, Meso, and Micro Approaches to the Study of Migration Chapter 3 1. The Emigrant, the Nation, and the State in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Portugal: An Anthropological Perspective Chapter 4 2. Migration Stories: Agency and the Individual in the Study of Immigration Part 5 PART II: Return Migration, Transmigrants, and Transnationalism Chapter 6 3. Emigrar para Voltar: A Portuguese Ideology of Return Migration Chapter 7 4. Emigration, the Church, and the Religious Festival in Northern Portugal Part 8 PART III: Cities, Immigrant Communities, and Ethnic Identity Chapter 9 5. Is the Ethnic Community Inevitable?: A Comparison of the Settlement Patterns of Portuguese Immigrants in Toronto and Paris Chapter 10 6. Ethnicity and Entrepreneurs: Portuguese Immigrants in a Canadian City Part 11 PART IV: Gender and Migration Chapter 12 7. Emigration and Household Structure in a Portuguese Parish, 1850-1920 Chapter 13 8. Women are Migrants, Too: A Portuguese Perspective Chapter 14 9. Conclusion: Toward a Comparative Understanding of Migration Chapter 15 References