Anti-Arab and Anti-Muslim Bias in American Newspapers: How They Reported the 2006 Israeli-Hezbollah and Israeli-Hamas Wars
By: Jeffrey Tischauser (author)Hardback
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This research compares the "New York Times" news coverage of the Israeli-Hezbollah War of 2006 (July War) and the Israeli-Gaza conflict of 2006 (Operation Summer Rain) with war coverage as reported by the "Chicago Tribune" and "Washington Times". Using Herman and Chomsky's (1988) Propaganda Model and Edward Said's (1994) notion of Orientalism, this research investigates the range of permitted opinion and the representations of Arabs and Muslims in news articles. Meaningful information about Arabic and Islamic cultural and political issues are difficult to obtain without methodical journalism. The cliche that information is power, or even that today's world is in the information age, take on a morbid and cynical meaning when the same facts, debate, and analysis on Arab 'nationalism' and Islamic 'extremism' are repeated over and over again throughout the mainstream media (MSM). This mitigates the value of today's information age in which 'news' travels instantly with a click of the mouse.
1. The War on Terror and Israel; Research Problem; Hamas' Rise to Power; Palestinian Identity; The Consequences of Free and Fair Elections in the West Bank and Gaza; Key Terms: Media, Propaganda, Ideology, Hegemony, Elite; 2. Review of Research; Representations of Arabs and Islam in the News and Entertainment Media; Ideological Coverage of Terrorism; The Orientalist Tradition in U.S. Press Coverage of the Arab-Israeli Conflict; The First Media Researchers; Propaganda Model Background; Literature Review of the Propaganda Model; News Filters: Media Ownership, Advertisers, and Flak; Sources: The Most Provocative Filter; 3. The Methodological Approach; The Theoretical Background of Orientalism and the Propaganda Model; The Papers; Sample Period; Coding: Content analysis; Coding: Textual analysis; 4. Content and Textual Analysis Findings; Unrest in the Palestinian Territories before Operation Summer Rain; Descriptions of civilian deaths; War coverage and War Context; Actors: Hamas and Hezbollah; Third-Party Actors; 5. Discussion; Israel and the Definition of Aggression; Terrorism versus Counterterrorism; The Roots of Palestinian Grievances; Limits of Israeli Democracy; Solutions to the Conflict.
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- ID: 9780773439016
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