This is a must read for a variety of social, historical, political and behavioral academics and students interested in grasping how such antipathy could be maintained and solidified within a country founded on Christian principles and fundamental freedoms. This book and its concomitant research is the result of a long-held interest of the author. These were the Chinese and the Japanese. Both races immigrated to the West Coast primarily because of economic hardship and political instability that beset China and Japan in the middle of the Nineteenth Century. The Chinese came first, beginning in the 1850's, to work in the California gold fields, and later they built the transcontinental railroad eastward from Sacramento California in 1865 to its completion at Promontory Point, Utah in 1969. Discriminated against by whites in California, Nevada, and Wyoming because of their race, the Chinese then endured the ignominy of congressional legislation passed in 1882 excluding them from any longer coming to America.
However, as early as the Colonial Period of American history, white settlers projected racial animus toward non-whites, such as African black slaves, native Americans, and them later in the nineteenth century, against Hispanics in the Southwest and Far West. The ink was not even dry on the congressional legislation in 1882 that excluded the Chinese from any longer immigrating to this country, when the Japanese, another Asian group of immigrants, began coming to California. The wave of Japanese immigrants, who were primarily agriculturalists, began coming to California in the 1880's, at which time they were initially accepted by the white populace of California because of their work ethic, and economic contributions. Unfortunately, this tolerance of Japanese immigrants was relatively short-lived, and by the early years of the twentieth century, whites in California clamoured for exclusion of Japanese immigration to America. In May 1924, Congress and the President of the United States signed and passed into law the Immigration Act of 1924 - which excluded all Asians-particularly the Japanese.