Anti-Veiling Campaigns in the Muslim World: Gender, Modernism and the Politics of Dress (Durham Modern Middle East and Islamic World Series)
By: Stephanie Cronin (editor)Hardback
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In recent years bitter controversies have erupted across Europe and the Middle East about women's veiling, and especially their wearing of the face-veil or niqab. Yet the deeper issues contained within these controversies - secularism versus religious belief, individual freedom versus social or family coercion, identity versus integration - are not new but are strikingly prefigured by earlier conflicts. This book examines the state-sponsored anti-veiling campaigns which swept across wide swathes of the Muslim world in the interwar period, especially in Turkey and the Balkans, Iran, Afghanistan and the Soviet republics of the Caucasus and Central Asia. It shows how veiling was officially discouraged and ridiculed as backward and, although it was rarely banned, veiling was politicized and turned into a rallying-point for a wider opposition. Asking a number of questions about this earlier anti-veiling discourse and the policies flowing from it, and the reactions which it provoked, the book illuminates and contextualizes contemporary debates about gender, Islam and modernism.
Stephanie Cronin is a Lecturer in Iranian History at the University of Oxford, UK.
Introduction: Coercion or Empowerment? Anti-Veiling Campaigns: A Comparative Perspective Part 1: Turkey 1. From Face Veil to Cloche Hat: The Backward Ottoman versus New Turkish Woman in Urban Public Discourse 2. Anti-Veiling Campaigns and Local Elites in Turkey of the 1930s: A View from the Periphery 3. Everyday Resistance to Unveiling and Flexible Secularism in Early Republican Turkey Part 2: Iran and Afghanistan 4. Unveiling Ambiguities: Revisiting 1930s Iran's Kashf-i Hijab Campaign 5. Dressing Up (or Down): Veils, Hats, and Consumer Fashions in Interwar Iran 6. Astrakhan, Borqa', Chadari, Dreshi: The Economy of Dress in Early 20th Century Afghanistan Part 3: Soviet Central Asia and the Caucasus 7. Women-Initiated Unveiling: State-led Campaigns in Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan Part 4: The Balkans 8. Behind the Veil: The Reform of Islam in Inter-War Albania or the Search for a 'Modern' and 'European' Islam 9. Difference Unveiled: Bulgarian National Imperatives and the Re-Dressing of Muslim Women, 1878-1989
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- ID: 9780415711388
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