Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment

Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment

By: Mark H. M. M. Montforts (author), Patricia L. Keen (author)Hardback

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Description

Examines effects of the environmental distribution of antimicrobial resistance genes on human health and the ecosystem Resistance genes are everywhere in nature in pathogens, commensals, and environmental microorganisms. This contributed work shows how the environment plays a pivotal role in the development of antimicrobial resistance traits in bacteria and the distribution of resistant microbial species, resistant genetic material, and antibiotic compounds. Readers will discover the impact of the distribution in the environment of antimicrobial resistance genes and antibiotics on both the ecosystem and human and animal health. Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment is divided into four parts: * Part I, Sources, including ecological and clinical consequences of antibiotic resistance by environmental microbes * Part II, Fate, including strategies to assess and minimize the biological risk of antibiotic resistance in the environment * Part III, Antimicrobial Substances and Resistance, including antibiotics in the aquatic environment * Part IV, Effects and Risks, including the effect of antimicrobials used for non-human purposes on human health Recognizing the intricate links among overlapping complex systems, this book examines antimicrobial resistance using a comprehensive ecosystem approach. Moreover, the book's multidisciplinary framework applies principles of microbiology, environmental toxicology, and chemistry to assess the human and ecological risks associated with exposure to antibiotics or antibiotic resistance genes that are environmental contaminants. Each chapter has been written by one or more leading researchers in such fields as microbiology, environmental science, ecology, and toxicology. Comprehensive reference lists at the end of all chapters serve as a gateway to the primary research in the field. Presenting and analyzing the latest findings in a field of growing importance to human and environmental health, this text offers readers new insights into the role of the environment in antimicrobial resistance development, the dissemination of antimicrobial resistant genetic elements, and the transport of antibiotic resistance genes and antibiotics.

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Contents

PREFACE xi CONTRIBUTORS xv PART I SOURCES 1 Chapter 1 Introduction 3 Stuart B. Levy Chapter 2 Path to Resistance 7 Vivian Miao, Dorothy Davies, and Julian Davies Chapter 3 Antibiotic Resistome: A Framework Linking the Clinic and the Environment 15 Gerard D. Wright Chapter 4 Ecological and Clinical Consequences of Antibiotic Subsistence by Environmental Microbes 29 Gautam Dantas and Morten O. A. Sommer Chapter 5 Importance of Adaptive and Stepwise Changes in the Rise and Spread of Antimicrobial Resistance 43 Lucia Fernandez, Elena B. M. Breidenstein, and Robert E. W. Hancock Chapter 6 Environmental Reservoirs of Resistance Genes in Antibiotic-Producing Bacteria and Their Possible Impact on the Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance 73 Paris Laskaris, William H. Gaze and Elizabeth M. H. Wellington Chapter 7 Mechanisms of Bacterial Antibiotic Resistance and Lessons Learned from Environmental Tetracycline-Resistant Bacteria 93 Marilyn C. Roberts Chapter 8 Environmental Antibiotic Resistome: New Insights from Culture-Independent Approaches 123 Isabel S. Henriques, Artur Alves, Maria Jose' Saavedra, Mark H. M. M. Montforts, and Anto'nio Correia PART II FATE 149 Chapter 9 Environmental Pollution by Antibiotic Resistance Genes 151 Jose Luis Martinez and Jorge Olivares Chapter 10 Quantifying Anthropogenic Impacts on Environmental Reservoirs of Antibiotic Resistance 173 Amy Pruden and Mazdak Arabi Chapter 11 Antibiotic Resistance in Swine-Manure-Impacted Environments 203 Joanne Chee-Sanford, Scott Maxwell, Kristy Tsau, Kelly Merrick, and Rustam Aminov Chapter 12 Antimicrobial-Resistant Indicator Bacteria in Manure and the Tracking of Indicator Resistance Genes 225 Christina S. Holzel and Karin Schwaiger Chapter 13 Municipal Wastewater as a Reservoir of Antibiotic Resistance 241 Timothy Lapara and Tucker Burch Chapter 14 Strategies to Assess and Minimize the Biological Risk of Antibiotic Resistance in the Environment 251 Thomas Schwartz Chapter 15 Antibiotic Resistance in Animals The Australian Perspective 265 Olasumbo Ndi and Mary Barton PART III ANTIMICROBIAL SUBSTANCES AND RESISTANCE 291 Chapter 16 Detection and Occurrence of Antibiotics and Their Metabolites in Pig Manure in Bavaria (Germany) 293 Katrin Harms and Johann Bauer Chapter 17 Fate and Transport of Antibiotics in Soil Systems 309 Alistair B. A. Boxall Chapter 18 Antibiotics in the Aquatic Environment 325 Klaus Kummerer Chapter 19 Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Wild Fish 337 Thomas Heberer Chapter 20 Role of Quaternary Ammonium Compounds on Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment 349 Ulas Tezel and Spyros G. Pavlostathis PART IV EFFECTS AND RISKS 389 Chapter 21 Human Health Importance of use of Antimicrobials in Animals and Its Selection of Antimicrobial Resistance 391 Scott A. McEwen Chapter 22 Antimicrobial Resistance Associated with Salmonid Farming 423 Claudio D. Miranda Chapter 23 Effect of Veterinary Medicines Introduced via Manure into Soil on the Abundance and Diversity of Antibiotic Resistance Genes on Their Transferability 453 Holger Heuer, Christoph Kopmann, Ute Zimmerling, Ellen Krogerrecklenfort, Kristina Kleineidamm, Michael Schloter, Eva M. Top and Kornelia Smalla Chapter 24 Tracking Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance Genes through the Composting Process and Field Distribution of Poultry Waste: Lessons Learned 465 Patricia L. Keen and Nancy De With Chapter 25 Environmental Microbial Communities Living Under Very High Antibiotic Selection Pressure 483 Anders Janzon, Erik Kristiansson, and D. G. Joakim Larsson Chapter 26 Antibiotic Use During an Influenza Pandemic: Downstream Ecological Effects and Antibiotic Resistance 503 Andrew C. Singer and Heike Schmitt Chapter 27 Use of Veterinary Antibacterial Agents in Europe and the United States 539 Ingeborg M. van Geijlswijk, Nico Bondt, Linda F. Puister-Jansen, and Dik J. Mevius Chapter 28 Regulatory Research on Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment 549 Emily A. McVey and Mark H. M. M. Montforts INDEX 569

Product Details

  • publication date: 20/02/2012
  • ISBN13: 9780470905425
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 624
  • ID: 9780470905425
  • weight: 1204
  • ISBN10: 0470905425

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