Antonio Gramsci is internationally recognized as one of the most stimulating, original and persistently influential of Marxist thinkers. This new biography offers a fresh and modern perspective on the man who reformulated Marxism to better coincide with Italian political traditions and provides an important new analysis of Gramsci's unique thoughts on communist politics, Stalinism and fascism. As a highly articulate intellectual, Gramsci wrote about Marxism as the antithesis of Crocian philosophy, as well as about civic society and economic depression. His writings, both before and during his imprisonment under Mussolini's regime, have had a profound impact on the development of European political thinking. Rich in primary resources and original research, this book will be of value not only to academics but also to university students and other observers of the international communist movement.