This is the first book covering an interdisciplinary field between microwave spectroscopy of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) or electron spin resonance (ESR) and chronology science, radiation dosimetry and ESR (EPR) imaging in material sciences. The main object is to determine the elapsed time with ESR from forensic medicine to the age and radiation dose in earth and space science. This book is written primarily for earth scientists as well as for archaeologists and for physicists and chemists interested in new applications of the method. This book can serve as an undergraduate and graduate school textbook on applications of ESR to geological and archaeological dating, radiation dosimetry and microscopic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Introduction to ESR and chronology science and principle of ESR dating and dosimetry are described with applications to actual problems according to materials.
Clock of elapsed time - the place of ESR dating; introduction - what is ESR?; ESR dating and dosimetry - principles and procedures; assessment of radiation dose rate; carbonate (CaCO3) - cave deposits; aragonite (CaCO3) - shells and corals in marine geology; sulphates and other carbonates - evaporates; phosphates - bioapatite for anthropology; SiO2 - faults and sediments; SiO2 and silicates - geothermal and volcanic materials; space and environmental sciences; chemical ESR dating - valency changes; ESR dosimetry - accident and monitoring; ESR imaging (microscopy); a portable ESR, automatic sample changer.