Plant breeding, animal breeding, medical genetics and the genetics of industrial fungi are usually taught separately, but they are all linked by strong central concepts regarding the generation, control, fate and use of genetic variation at the levels of genes, chromosomes, genomes and populations. Mutation, recombination, selection, population genetics and karyotype changes are involved, together with breeding systems.This book constitutes an integrated undergraduate course in applied genetics based on those central concepts. It is suitable for those interested in working with plants, animals, humans or fungi. Such a course, or selected parts of it, is applicable to students of biological, microbiological, agricultural and biomedical sciences.
Aims of applied genetics, revision of basic genetic concepts and terminology; the inheritance and analysis of qualitative and quantitative characters; regression, transgression, environmental effects and heritability, correlations between characters, genotype, phenotype and breeding values; population genetics - allele frequencies, genetic equilibria, population mixing, genetic drift and gene flow; types and uses of selection; departures from random mating; mutation and its uses; recombination and mapping; structural chromosome aberrations -their origins, properties and uses; changes in chromosome number -their effects and uses; supernumerary ("B") chromosomes; breeding methods and examples; human and medical genetics; genetics engineering in plants, animals and micro-organisms, and human gene therapy; genetic variation in wild and agricultural populations, genetic conservation; genetic methods of insect pest control; reproductive physiology in plants, animals and humans, crossing methods; applied fungal genetics; the economics of agricultural products and breeding programmes.