The Definitive Guide to Petroleum Reservoir Engineering-Now Fully Updated to Reflect New Technologies and Easier Calculation Methods Craft and Hawkins' classic introduction to petroleum reservoir engineering is now fully updated for new technologies and methods, preparing students and practitioners to succeed in the modern industry. In Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering, Third Edition, renowned expert Ronald E. Terry and project engineer J. Brandon Rogers review the history of reservoir engineering, define key terms, carefully introduce the material balance approach, and show how to apply it with many types of reservoirs. Next, they introduce key principles of fluid flow, water influx, and advanced recovery (including hydrofracturing). Throughout, they present field examples demonstrating the use of material balance and history matching to predict reservoir performance. For the first time, this edition relies on Microsoft Excel with VBA to make calculations easier and more intuitive.
This edition features * Extensive updates to reflect modern practices and technologies, including gas condensate reservoirs, water flooding, and enhanced oil recovery* Clearer, more complete introductions to vocabulary and concepts- including a more extensive glossary* Several complete application examples, including single-phase gas, gas-condensate, undersaturated oil, and saturated oil reservoirs* Calculation examples using Microsoft Excel with VBA throughout* Many new example and practice problems using actual well data* A revamped history-matching case study project that integrates key topics and asks readers to predict future well production
Ronald E. Terry has taught chemical and petroleum engineering at the University of Kansas; petroleum engineering at the University of Wyoming; and chemical engineering and technology and engineering education at Brigham Young University, earning teaching awards at each university. He has served as acting department chair, associate dean, and in BYU's central administration. He researched enhanced oil recovery processes at Phillips Petroleum and is past president of the American Society for Engineering Education's Rocky Mountain Section. J. Brandon Rogers, project engineer at Murphy Oil Corporation, holds a degree in chemical engineering from Brigham Young University. There, he studied reservoir engineering using this text's second edition.
Preface xiii Preface to the Second Edition xv About the Authors xvii Nomenclature xix Chapter 1: Introduction to Petroleum Reservoirs and Reservoir Engineering 1 1.1 Introduction to Petroleum Reservoirs 1 1.2 History of Reservoir Engineering 4 1.3 Introduction to Terminology 7 1.4 Reservoir Types Defined with Reference to Phase Diagrams 9 1.5 Production from Petroleum Reservoirs 13 1.6 Peak Oil 14 Problems 18 References 19 Chapter 2: Review of Rock and Fluid Properties 21 2.1 Introduction 21 2.2 Review of Rock Properties 21 2.3 Review of Gas Properties 24 2.4 Review of Crude Oil Properties 44 2.5 Review of Reservoir Water Properties 61 2.6 Summary 64 Problems 64 References 69 Chapter 3: The General Material Balance Equation 73 3.1 Introduction 73 3.2 Derivation of the Material Balance Equation 73 3.3 Uses and Limitations of the Material Balance Method 81 3.4 The Havlena and Odeh Method of Applying the Material Balance Equation 83 References 85 Chapter 4: Single-Phase Gas Reservoirs 87 4.1 Introduction 87 4.2 Calculating Hydrocarbon in Place Using Geological, Geophysical, and Fluid Property Data 88 4.3 Calculating Gas in Place Using Material Balance 98 4.4 The Gas Equivalent of Produced Condensate and Water 105 4.5 Gas Reservoirs as Storage Reservoirs 107 4.6 Abnormally Pressured Gas Reservoirs 110 4.7 Limitations of Equations and Errors 112 Problems 113 References 118 Chapter 5: Gas-Condensate Reservoirs 121 5.1 Introduction 121 5.2 Calculating Initial Gas and Oil 124 5.3 The Performance of Volumetric Reservoirs 131 5.4 Use of Material Balance 140 5.5 Comparison between the Predicted and Actual Production Histories of Volumetric Reservoirs 143 5.6 Lean Gas Cycling and Water Drive 147 5.7 Use of Nitrogen for Pressure Maintenance 152 Problems 153 References 157 Chapter 6: Undersaturated Oil Reservoirs 159 6.1 Introduction 159 6.2 Calculating Oil in Place and Oil Recoveries Using Geological, Geophysical, and Fluid Property Data 162 6.3 Material Balance in Undersaturated Reservoirs 167 6.4 Kelly-Snyder Field, Canyon Reef Reservoir 171 6.5 The Gloyd-Mitchell Zone of the Rodessa Field 177 6.6 Calculations, Including Formation and Water Compressibilities 184 Problems 191 References 197 Chapter 7: Saturated Oil Reservoirs 199 7.1 Introduction 199 7.2 Material Balance in Saturated Reservoirs 200 7.3 Material Balance as a Straight Line 206 7.4 The Effect of Flash and Differential Gas Liberation Techniques and Surface Separator Operating Conditions on Fluid Properties 209 7.5 The Calculation of Formation Volume Factor and Solution Gas-Oil Ratio from Differential Vaporization and Separator Tests 215 7.6 Volatile Oil Reservoirs 217 7.7 Maximum Efficient Rate (MER) 218 Problems 220 References 224 Chapter 8: Single-Phase Fluid Flow in Reservoirs 227 8.1 Introduction 227 8.2 Darcy's Law and Permeability 227 8.3 The Classification of Reservoir Flow Systems 232 8.4 Steady-State Flow 236 8.5 Development of the Radial Diffusivity Equation 251 8.6 Transient Flow 253 8.7 Pseudosteady-State Flow 261 8.8 Productivity Index (PI) 264 8.9 Superposition 267 8.10 Introduction to Pressure Transient Testing 272 Problems 282 References 292 Chapter 9: Water Influx 295 9.1 Introduction 295 9.2 Steady-State Models 297 9.3 Unsteady-State Models 302 9.4 Pseudosteady-State Models 346 Problems 350 References 356 Chapter 10: The Displacement of Oil and Gas 357 10.1 Introduction 357 10.2 Recovery Efficiency 357 10.3 Immiscible Displacement Processes 369 10.4 Summary 399 Problems 399 References 402 Chapter 11: Enhanced Oil Recovery 405 11.1 Introduction 405 11.2 Secondary Oil Recovery 406 11.3 Tertiary Oil Recovery 412 11.4 Summary 433 Problems 434 References 434 Chapter 12: History Matching 437 12.1 Introduction 437 12.2 History Matching with Decline-Curve Analysis 438 12.3 History Matching with the Zero-Dimensional Schilthuis Material Balance Equation 441 Problems 466 References 471 Glossary 473 Index 481
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3rd Revised edition
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