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Nick Higginbotham, Roberto Briceno-Leon and Nancy A. Johnson (eds) Applying Health Social Science Best Practice in the Developing World Health social science is an area of research and practice that has evolved rapidly since the late 1980s. As this volume shows, it has grown out of a desire to forge partnerships across the social science and health fields in order to advance the relevance of social science to health and to increase equity in health and health care. Health social science is essentially transdisciplinary in its perspective, seeking to synthesise diverse fields of knowledge in pursuit of understanding and solving complex health problems. This volume presents ten case studies which exemplify some of the best practice in health social science in developing countries. The action research studies are drawn from Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Pacific. Each addresses the critical question of how social/behavioural science approaches can make a difference in improving significant health problems.
These problems range across such diverse issues as AIDS, people's reliance on traditional healers, their use of both indigenous and modern types of medicine, STDs, smoking, heart disease, and pyschological stress. The cases were selected by an international panel of judges drawn from the International Forum for Social Science and Health. The initial and concluding chapters, written by the editors, provide an overview of the evolving role of health social science research in addressing human health problems. They examine some of the most promising health social perspectives illustrated by the case studies -- in particular, those around the knowledge-behaviour gap, transdisciplinary research, and community participation. The editors also reflect on future challenges and potential groundbreaking innovations in health social science research. This book will be a valuable resource for policymakers, planners and foundations supporting international health development, as well as scholars and public health practitioners.
Nick Higginbotham is Associate Professor and Head of Community Medicine, University of Newcastle, Australia Professor Roberto Briceno-Leon is Secretary General of the International Forum for Social Sciences and Health. He is Professor of Sociology, Central University of Venezuela Nancy Johnson is with the Council on Health Research for Development, Geneva. She is the coeditor of two books (IDRC and Apex Press).
Foreword PART 1. APPLYING SOCIAL SCIENCE TO IMPROVING HUMAN HEALTH 1. Health social science: a global forum for research partnerships PART 2. ASIA & THE PACIFIC Introduction 2. An indigenous work-related social skills training model for persons with schizophrenia in Hong Kong 3. Cultural constructions of risk: the case of heart disease in the New South Wales coalfields, Australia 4. The development of a transdisciplinary approach to promote the rational use of drugs in Indonesia 5. A community approach to smoking cessation and relapse prevention in a traditional Fijian village PART 3. AFRICA Introduction 6. A community-action intervention to improve medical care services in Kinshasa, Congo: mediating the realms of healers and physicians 7. Representing HIV/AIDs concerns in Uganda: the Genogram as a visual complement to ethnographic and epidemiological evidence 8. Aids prevention in the Matare and the community: a training strategy for traditional healers in Zimbabwe PART 4. LATIN AMERICA Introduction 9. Lay beliefs and gender stereotypes: unacknowledged 'risks' for sexually-transmitted diseases in Argentina 10. From 'milk bread' to visceral Leishmaniasis control in the Zenu Indian community of the Colombian Caribbean coast 11. Mud, bugs and community participation: remodeling village houses to evict vector-borne disease PART 5. LESSONS AND DIRECTIONS 12. Current best practice and future innovations in applying social science to advancing the health of populations
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