The methodology of English language education has been developed mainly in the English-speaking countries of 'the west' and does not always fit the needs of the rest of the world. Appropriate Methodology and Social Context investigates this state of affairs by looking at the wider social context of what happens between teachers and students. It uses an ethnographic framework to explore the complex and diverse cultures of classrooms, of student groups and teacher communities in different countries and educational environments. It goes on to argue that these factors have to be acknowledged in the design and implementation of appropriate methodologies. Although a major concern is with classroom teaching, the methodologies for curriculum and project management and design are also addressed.
Acknowledgements; Preface; Part I. The Cultures of the Classroom: 1. The social context; 2. 'Coral gardens'; 3. The variety of classroom cultures; 4. Student groups; 5. Teacher groups; Part II. Sources of Conflict: 6. Technology transfer; 7. The politics of projects; 8. 'Calculated procrastination'; 9. Teachers' and students' lessons; Part III. Appropriate Methodology Design: 10. A culture-sensitive approach; 11. Solving classroom problems; 12. Curriculum and project design; References; Index.