Archaeology has been complicit in the appropriation of indigenous peoples' pasts worldwide. While tales of blatant archaeological colonialism abound from the era of empire, the process also took more subtle and insidious forms. Ian McNiven and Lynette Russell outline archaeology's "colonial culture" and how it has shaped archaeological practice over the past century. Using examples from their native Australia-and comparative material from North America, Africa, and elsewhere-the authors show how colonized peoples were objectified by research, had their needs subordinated to those of science, were disassociated from their accomplishments by theories of diffusion, watched their histories reshaped by western concepts of social evolution, and had their cultures appropriated toward nationalist ends. The authors conclude by offering a decolonized archaeological practice through collaborative partnership with native peoples in understanding their past.
Ian J. McNiven is Senior Lecturer and co-director of the Programme for Australian Indigenous Archaeology within the School of Geography and Environmental Science, Monash University. Lynette Russell holds the Chair in Australian Indigenous Studies at Monash University.
Chapter 1 Colonial Culture of Archaeology Chapter 2 Progressivism: The Invention of Prehistory Chapter 3 Antiquation: Aboriginal Peoples as Living Fossils Chapter 4 Migrationism: The Archaeology of Dispossession Chapter 5 Diffusionism: The Archaeology of Alienation Chapter 6 Subjectation: Appropration Through Science Chapter 7 Shared Nations: The New Appropriation Chapter 8 Partnerships: Pathways to a Decolonised Practice Chapter 9 References Chapter 10 Index