The first introduction to the field of Arabic sociolinguistics, this book discusses major trends in research on diglossia, code-switching, gendered discourse, language variation and change, and language policies in relation to Arabic. In doing so, it introduces and evaluates the various theoretical approaches, and illustrates the usefulness and the limitations of these approaches with empirical data. The book shows how sociolinguistic theories can be applied to Arabic and, conversely, what the study of Arabic can contribute to our understanding of the function of language in society. Key features: *Introduces current theories and methods of sociolinguistics, with a special focus on Arabic *Topics include: language variation and change, gender, religion and politics *Aimed at students and scholars of Arabic with an interest in linguistics and students and scholars of linguistics with an interest in Arabic
Reem Bassiouney is Assistant Professor of Arabic Language and Linguistics at Georgetown University
1. Diglossia and the Arab world; 1.1 An overview of the study of diglossia; 1.2 Theories that discuss diglossia in terms of levels; 1.3 The idea of Educated Spoken Arabic; 1.4 The concept of prestige as different from that of standard; 1.5 Groups of dialects in the Arab world; 2. Code-switching; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 Problem of terminology: code-switching and code-mixing; 2.3 The study of constraints on code-switching; 2.4 Motivations for code-switching; 2.5 Studies on diglossic switching as part of code-switching; 2.6 The relationship between code choice and speaker's role in Egyptian political discourse, a case study; 2.7 Conclusion; 3. Language variation and change; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Social class and social networks; 3.3 Methodology; 3.4 Sociolinguistic variables; 3.5 Levelling; 3.6 Conclusion; 4. Arabic and gender; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Politeness in relation to gender; 4.3 "Mister master", names, status and identities; 4.4 When a chicken crows like a cock, women narrators; 4.5 Language variation and change in relation to gender; 4.6 The symbolic use of language; 4.7 Gender universals re-examined; 4.8 Conclusion; 5. Language policy and politics; 5.1 The power of language; 5.2 The domains of language policy; 5.3 Factors governing language policies; 5.4 Case studies (North Africa, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Palestine and Israel, The Sudan; 5.5 The role of language academies in the Arab World; 5.6 MSA, politics and the aching nation, a case study; 5.7 Conclusion; 6. General conclusion.