The volume contains fifteen papers. Ten of them record the genesis and the development of archaeological survey in Cyprus; they also discuss the reasons why the twentieth century ended with serious set-backs in the protection of cultural landscapes, despite the fact that in Cyprus survey was conducted in the name of archaeological resource management as early as 1955. The credit for this accomplishment goes to Hector Catling, who had envisioned the island-wide Cyprus Survey Project, and was instrumental in establishing the Survey Branch in the Cyprus Department of Antiquities. The 'biographies' of eight very different projects offer a representative sample of survey archaeology in Cyprus in the last quarter of the 20th century. The inclusion of four geographically and methodologically diverse projects from Israel, Libya, Italy and Greece provide a trans-Mediterranean perspective against which survey archaeology in Cyprus can be measured. The keynote paper (John Cherry) brings the Mediterranean and the local projects closer together and gives substance to a multifaceted dialogue, which extends from visibility and the degree of isomorphism between surface and sub-surface remains, to the links between regional survey projects and cultural heritage management.