Modern religious identities are rooted in collective memories that are constantly made and remade across generations. How do these mutations of memory distort our picture of historical change and the ways that historical actors perceive it? Can one give voice to those whom history has forgotten? The essays collected here examine the formation of religious identities during the Reformation in Germany through case studies of remembering and forgetting-instances in which patterns and practices of religious plurality were excised from historical memory. By tracing their ramifications through the centuries, Archaeologies of Confession carefully reconstructs the often surprising histories of plurality that have otherwise been lost or obscured.
Carina L. Johnson is Professor of History at Pitzer College and serves as extended faculty at Claremont Graduate University. She specializes in the cultural history of the sixteenth-century Habsburg Empire, particularly in relation to the extra-European world. Her publications include Cultural Hierarchy in Sixteenth-Century Europe: The Ottomans and Mexicans (2011). David M. Luebke is Professor of History at the University of Oregon and has specialized in the history of social protest movements in early modern Germany as well as the formation of religious denominations during and after the Protestant Reformation. His publications include Hometown Religion: Regimes of Coexistence in Early Modern Westphalia (2016) and, as co-editor, the Spektrum volumes Conversion and the Politics of Religion in Early Modern Germany (2012) and Mixed Matches: Transgressive Unions in Germany from the Reformation to the Enlightenment (2014). Marjorie E. Plummer is Professor of History at Western Kentucky University. She researches the history of the impact of the early reform movement on family and gender roles and on the changing legal definitions of social norms and religious identity in Early Modern Germany. She is the author of From Priest's Whore to Pastor's Wife: Clerical Marriage and the Process of Reform in the Early German Reformation (2012). Jesse Spohnholz is Associate Professor of History at Washington State University. His research focuses on confessional coexistence, religious exile, gender, and memory of the Reformation in the early modern Netherlands and northwest Germany. His books include The Tactics of Toleration: A Refugee Community in the Age of Religious Wars (2011) and The Convent of Wesel: The Event That Never Was and the Invention of Tradition (2017).
List of Illustrations Introduction: Reformations Lost and Found Carina L. Johnson PART I: SILENCING PLURALITY Chapter 1. Misremembering Hybridity: The Myth of Goldenstedt David M. Luebke Chapter 2. A Luther for Everyone: Irenicism and Orthodoxy at the German Reformation Anniversaries of 1817 Stan Landry Chapter 3. Challenging Plurality: Wilhelm Horning and the Histories of Alsatian Lutheranism Anthony J. Steinhoff Chapter 4. Confessional Histories of Women and the Reformation from the Eightteenth to the Twenty-First Century Merry Wiesner-Hanks Chapter 5. Catholics as Foreign Bodies: The County of Mark as a Protestant Territory in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Prussian Historiography Ralf-Peter Fuchs PART II: RECOVERING PLURALITY Chapter 6. A Catholic Genealogy of Protestant Reason Richard Schaefer Chapter 7. Fighting or Fostering Plurality? Ernst Salomon Cyprian as a Historian of Lutheranism in the Early Eighteenth Century Alexander Schunka Chapter 8. Heresy and the Protestant Enlightenment: Johann Lorenz von Mosheim's History of Michael Servetus Michael Printy Chapter 9. The Great Fire of 1711: Reconceptualizing the Jewish Ghetto and Jewish-Christian Relations in Early Modern Frankfurt am Main Dean Phillip Bell PART III: EXCAVATING HISTORIES OF RELIGION Chapter 10. The Early Roots of Confessional Memory. Martin Luther Burns the Papal Bull on 10 December 1520 Natalie Krentz Chapter 11. Early Modern German Historians Confront the Reformation's First Executions Robert Christman Chapter 12. Prison Tales: The Miraculous Escape of Stephen Agricola and the Creation of Lutheran Heroes during the Sixteenth Century Beth Plummer Chapter 13. Invented Memories: The 'Convent of Wesel' and the Origins of German and Dutch Calvinism Jesse Spohnholz PART IV: REMEMBERING AND FORGETTING Chapter 14. 'Our Misfortune': National Unity versus Religious Plurality in the Making of Modern Germany Thomas A. Brady, Jr. Index