Archives of Empire: Volume 2. The Scramble for Africa

Archives of Empire: Volume 2. The Scramble for Africa

By: Mia Carter (editor), Barbara Harlow (editor)Hardback

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A rich collection of primary materials, the multivolume Archives of Empire provides a documentary history of nineteenth-century British imperialism from the Indian subcontinent to the Suez Canal to southernmost Africa. Barbara Harlow and Mia Carter have carefully selected a diverse range of texts that track the debates over imperialism in the ranks of the military, the corridors of political power, the lobbies of missionary organizations, the halls of royal geographic and ethnographic societies, the boardrooms of trading companies, the editorial offices of major newspapers, and far-flung parts of the empire itself. Focusing on a particular region and historical period, each volume in Archives of Empire is organized into sections preceded by brief introductions. Documents including mercantile company charters, parliamentary records, explorers' accounts, and political cartoons are complemented by timelines, maps, and bibligraphies. Unique resources for teachers and students, these volumes reveal the complexities of nineteenth-century colonialism and emphasize its enduring relevance to the "global markets" of the twenty-first century. While focusing on the expansion of the British Empire, The Scramble for Africa illuminates the intense nineteenth-century contest among European nations over Africa's land, people, and resources. Highlighting the 1885 Berlin Conference in which Britain, France, Germany, Portugal, and Italy partitioned Africa among themselves, this collection follows British conflicts with other nations over different regions as well as its eventual challenge to Leopold of Belgium's rule of the Congo. The reports, speeches, treatises, proclamations, letters, and cartoons assembled here include works by Henry M. Stanley, David Livingstone, Joseph Conrad, G. W. F. Hegel, Winston Churchill, Charles Darwin, and Arthur Conan Doyle. A number of pieces highlight the proliferation of companies chartered to pursue Africa's gold, diamonds, and oil-particularly Cecil J. Rhodes's British South Africa Company and Frederick Lugard's Royal Niger Company. Other documents describe debacles on the continent-such as the defeat of General Gordon in Khartoum and the Anglo-Boer War-and the criticism of imperial maneuvers by proto-human rights activists including George Washington Williams, Mark Twain, Olive Schreiner, and E.D. Morel.

About Author

Barbara Harlow is Louann and Larry Temple Centennial Professor of English at the University of Texas at Austin. Mia Carter is Associate Professor of English at the University of Texas at Austin.


Acknowledgments xv General Introduction: Readings in Imperialism and Orientalism xvii Volume Introduction: The Scramble for Africa 1 I. The Berlin Conference 1885: Making/ Mapping History Introduction: The Scramble for Africa: From the Conference at Berlin to the Incident at Fashoda 13 Chronology of Events 16 Africa in 1886: The Scramble Half Complete [map] 17 Africa after the Scramble, 1912 [map] 18 Africa 1898, with Charter Companies [map] 19 Joseph Conrad, Excerpts from Heart of Darkness (1898/99) 20 G. W. F. Hegel, "Africa" (1822) 21 General Act of the Conference of Berlin (1885) 28 "The Black Baby" (1894) [illustration] 29 Arthur Berriedale Keith, "International Rivalry and the Berlin Conference" (1919) 47 "The 'Irrepressible' Tourist" (1885) [illustration] 59 Hilaire Belloc, Excerpt from "The Modern Traveller" [1898] 60 Winston Churchill, "The Fashoda Incident" (1899) 65 Lord Alfred Milner, "Geography and Statecraft" (1907) 76 "Marchez! Marchand!" (1898) [illustration] 77 Dr. Wilhelm Junker, Excerpt from Travels in Africa during the Years 1882-1886, with etching (1892) 79 "Africa Shared Out" (1899) [editorial with cartoon] 81 II. The Body Politic: Rationalizing Race Introduction: The Body Politic: Rationalizing Race 85 Slaves 91 William Wilberforce, "The African Slave Trade" (1789) 93 William Pitt the Younger, "William Pitt the Younger Indicts the Slave trade and Forsees a Liberated Africa" (1792) 100 Thomas Carlyle, "The Nigger Question" (1849) 108 Charles Dickens, "The Noble Savage" (1853) [with classified advertisement from the Illustrated London News] 134 Species 141 Count Joseph Arthur Gobineau, "Moral and Intellectual Characteristics of the Three Great Varieties" (1856) 143 Charles Darwin, "Struggle for Existence" (1871) 153 Charles Darwin, "On the Formation of the Races of Man" (1871) 160 Digain Williams, Excerpt from "Darwin" (1922) 167 James W. Redfield, "Comparative Physiognomy" (1852) 169 Ernest Renan, Excerpts from The Future of Science (1893) 178 Self Governance 187 Walter Bagehot, "Nation-Making" (1869) 189 Herbert Spencer, "The Primitive Man---Intellectual" (1906) 195 Benjamin Kidd, "The Principles of the Relations of Our Civilization to the Tropics" (1898) 208 Dudley Kidd, Excerpts from Kafir Socialism (1908) 222 Rudyard Kipling, "How the Leopard Got His Spots" (1902) 232 III. The Political Corps The Mission 241 Introduction: The Mission: Christianity, Civilization, and Commerce 243 William Booth, Salvation Army Songs (n.d.) 247 David Livingstone, Dr. Livingstone's Cambridge Lectures (1858) 253 Henry M. Stanley, Excerpts from How I Found Livingstone (1872) 278 Livingstone's Journeys, 1841-1856 [map] 279 M.B. Synge, "Preparing the Empire: Livingstone and Stanley in Central Africa" (1908) 300 Elizabeth Rundle Charles (?), "In Memory of Dr. Livingstone" (1874) 304 Sir Bartle Frere, "Dr. Livingstone" (1874) 306 Count Joseph Arthur Gobineau, "Influence of Christianity upon Moral and intellectual Diversity of Races" (1856) 319 Matthew Arnold, "The Bishop and the Philosopher" (1863) 328 International Emigration Office, Excerpts from The Surplus (1909) 350 Excerpts from The Salvation Army British Empire Exhibition Handbook (1924) 358 The Administration: Lugard and the Royal Niger Company 365 Introduction: Inheritors of Empire, Agents of Change: Lord Lugard and Mary Kingsley 367 "Royal Charter Granted to the National African Company, later called the Royal Niger Company" (1884) 372 George Taubman Goldie and Frederick Lugard, Selected Correspondence: The Royal Niger Company (1894) 380 Frederick Lugard, Excerpts from The Diaries of Lord Lugard: Nigeria (1894-1895,1898) 388 Frederick Lugard, "Duties of Political Officers and Miscellaneous subjects" (1913-1918) 402 Frederick Lugard, Excerpts from The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa (1922) 417 Mary Kingsley, "The Clash of Cultures" (1901) 439 Mary Kingsley, "A Letter to the Editor of 'The New Africa'" (n.d.) 457 Flora L. Shaw (Lady Lugard), Excerpts from A Tropical Dependency (1905) 460 The Administration: Cecil J. Rhodes and the British South Africa Company 473 Introduction: Cecil J. Rhodes; Colossus or Caricature? 475 Olive Schreiner, Excerpt from Trooper Peter Halket of Mashonaland (1897) 478 "The Rhodes Colossus" (1892) [illustration] 480 "My Career Is Only Beginning!" (1896) [illustration] 481 "South Africa before and after Cecil Rhodes" (1896) [map] 483 H. Rider Haggard, "We Abandon Hope" (1885) 484 John Buchan, "My Uncle's Gift Is Many Times Multiplied" (1910) 492 Cecil John Rhodes, Excerpts from The Speeches of Cecil Rhodes 1881-1900 (1900) 496 Lord Randolph S. Churchill, Excerpts from Men, Mines, and Animals in South Africa (1895) 529 Dr. L. S. Jameson. "Personal Reminiscences of Mr. Rhodes" (1897) 531 "The Last Will and Testament of Cecil John Rhodes" (1902) 538 Rudyard Kipling, "The Burial" (1902) 560 IV. Crises of Empire Gordon at Khartoum 565 Introduction: Gordon at Khartoum: From Cavil to Catastrophe 566 Chronology of Events 569 Charles G. Gordon, Excerpts from The Journals of Major-General C. B. Gordon, G. B. at Kartoum (1885) 569 "At Last!" (1885) [illustration] 572 "Too Late!" (1885) [illustration] 573 Queen Victoria, Letters to Mary Gordon (1890) 578 Lytton Strachey, "The End of General Gordon" (1918) 580 Lord Cromer (Evelyn Baring), "Relief Expedition' (1908) 583 Wilfred S. Blunt, Excerpts from Gordon at Khartoum (1911) 591 Randolph H. S. Churchill, "The Desertion of General Gordon" (1884) 596 Lord Wolseley, Excerpt from In Relief of Gordon (1885) 600 Rudolf C. Slatin Pasha, Excerpt from Fire and Sword in the Sudan (1896) 602 Major F. R. Wingate, "The Siege and Fall of Khartum" (1892) 603 John Buchan, "Act the Fifth: The End" (1934) 616 Rudyard Kipling, "Fuzzy-Wuzzy" (1898) 622 The Graphic, Christmas Number, 1887 624 "Gordon's Dream---The Martyr-Hero of Khartoum" (1887) [illustration] 625 The Anglo-Boer War 627 Introduction: The Boer War: Accusations and Apologias 629 "Across th

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780822331520
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 852
  • ID: 9780822331520
  • ISBN10: 0822331527

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