For the past twenty years, federal and state education departments and school districts have been engaged in efforts that have touched every phase of public education. We have seen the emergence of the standards movement, "high-stake" testing, and an emphasis on school accountability. Requirements for those entering the teaching profession have become more stringent in order to provide "highly qualified" teachers. School personnel on all levels must deal with constantly changing requirements, often without the financial support necessary. High school graduation requirements have been changed, especially in the areas of technology, math, and science. The ideas of school choice, charter schools, and school vouchers are being experimented with in many forms. These changes have all been accelerated with the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act signed in 2002. This book is a study of the 1983 report A Nation at Risk and its impact on public education. Hayes analyzes the impact of this reform and suggests future priorities for public education in the United States.
William Hayes is an associate professor of education at Roberts Wesleyan College. During his forty-three years in education, he has worked as a high school teacher, department chairman, assistant principal, principal superintendent, college division chairman, and professor.
Part 1 Acknowledgments Part 2 Preface Chapter 3 1 The Beginning Chapter 4 2 The Commission Chapter 5 3 The Report Chapter 6 4 The Others Chapter 7 5 The Critics Chapter 8 6 The Standards Chapter 9 7 The Tests Chapter 10 8 The Teachers Chapter 11 9 The Administrators Chapter 12 10 The Boards Chapter 13 11 The Parents Chapter 14 12 The Students Chapter 15 13 The Money Chapter 16 14 The Choice Chapter 17 15 The Law Chapter 18 16 The Present Chapter 19 17 The Future Part 20 Index Part 21 About the Author