Are You Not a Man of God? challenges the accepted readings of several iconic supporting characters from canonical stories of Jewish tradition. These characters have been appropriated throughout history to represent and reinforce central cultural values: the binding of Isaac and the religious value of sacrificing relationship for a higher purpose; the biblical Hannah, appropriated by the rabbis as an archetype of the spirit and practice of prayer; the Talmudic Beruriah and the significance of women's learning and knowledge; and the struggle for intellectual autonomy of the rabbis of the Talmudic story known by its tag-line, "It is not in heaven!" Tova Hartman and Charlie Buckholtz make use of religious, psychological, philosophical and literary perspectives to bring these characters to life in their multiple incarnations, examining the varied symbolic uses to which they have been put and their cultural impact. These are all texts that have been studied widely, and characters that are well known. This study shows, however, that the dominant interpretations have served to mask darker, more insightful, and ultimately more critical dimensions of these important figures.
Hartman and Buckholtz discover muted voices of personal betrayal and criticism that resonate as damning social critiques of the rabbis themselves. These critiques often highlight the ways in which cultural authorities use, and abuse, their power, and the implications of these systemic moral failings for their legitimacy as communal leaders. In these voices of social criticism, the rabbis evince an awareness of their own vulnerability to such abuses and failings as well as their hurtful, marginalizing effects on members of less powerful social groups.
Tova Hartman is a professor of gender studies and education. She has written widely on the intersection of gender, religion, and education in scholarly journals and periodicals and is the author of Appropriately Subversive: Modern Mothers in Traditional Religions (2003) and Feminism Encounters Traditional Judaism: Resistance and Accommodation (2008) which won the National Jewish Book Award. She is among the founders of Shirah Hadasha, an Orthodox feminist synagogue in Jerusalem, and more recently, Shma Koleinu, an institute for prayer, study, spirituality and community Charlie Buckholtz is a Rabbi and Senior Editor at Shalom Hartman Institute. He is co-author of The God Who Hates Lies (2011).
Introduction ; Supporting Characters, Opposing Voices: ; Reading for Devoted Resistance ; Chapter One ; "But I Grieve for My Mother": ; The Betrayal of Iphigenia and Isaac ; Chapter Two ; "It is Not In Heaven!" and Other Hurtful Words: ; Circling the Snake Oven ; Chapter Three ; "Beruriah Said Well": ; The Many Lives (and Deaths) of a Talmudic Social Critic ; Chapter Four ; Are You Not a Man of God? ; Hannah, Hysteria, and the Roots of Jewish Prayer ; Conclusion ; Canonical "Back-Talk": ; Supporting Characters as Social Critics ; Bibliography ; Index ; Notes